The red grape variety comes from France. Synonyms are Canari, Pinot Gris Mendoza ( Argentina ); Canaril, Canarill, Carcassès, Gamay Luverdon, Ondenc Noir ( France ); Luverdon ( Italy ); Batista ( Spain ); Folle Noire ( Uruguay ). It may, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological Similarities do not match the varieties Cot or Gamay be confused. About the parentage and a possible relationship to the white variety Ondenc nothing is known. The medium to late ripening, high yielding vine is prone to Botrytis, It produces light red, low-alcohol red wines of simple quality. Two color mutations are Canari Blanc and Canari Gris . The variety was formerly in the two southern départements Ardèche and Haute-Garonne. Today it is threatened with extinction; in 2010, no stock was reported in France.
Two circumstances give rise to the presumption that the variety may have been more widespread in the past. Surprisingly, it became apparent DNA analysis out that in Italian Piedmont cultivated Luverdon or Gamay Luverdon (2001), as well as those in Spain cultivated Batista are identical (2003). It was introduced to immigrants in South America in the 19th century, where it was / is mainly distributed in Argentina. She was there for a long time Pinot gris confused and called Pinot Gris Mendoza, first by the French Ampelographen Paul Truel (* 1924) was informed. In 2010 were in Argentina 139 acres and in Uruguay 13 hectares and thus a total of 152 hectares (Statistics Kym Anderson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012