The red grape variety comes from France. Synonyms are Canari, Pinot Gris Mendoza ( Argentina ); Canaril, Canarill, Carcassès, Gamay Luverdon, Ondenc Noir ( France ); Luverdon ( Italy ); Batista ( Spain ); Folle Noire ( Uruguay ). Despite apparently suggesting synonyms or morphological No similarities with the varieties Cot or Gamay be confused. About parentage and a possible relationship with the white variety Ondenc nothing is known. The medium to late ripening, productive vine is susceptible to Botrytis, It produces light red, low-alcohol red wines of simple quality. Two colors mutations are Canari Blanc and Canari Gris . The variety used to be in the two southern departments Ardèche and Haute-Garonne spread. Today it is threatened with extinction; in 2010 no holdings were reported in France.
There are two reasons to suspect that the variety may have been more common in the past. Because surprisingly it turned out DNA analysis out that in Italian Piedmont grown Luverdon or Gamay Luverdon (2001), as well as those in Spain grown Batista are identical (2003). It was introduced by immigrants in South America in the 19th century, where it was / is mainly found in Argentina. She was there for a long time Pinot gris confused and called Pinot Gris Mendoza, which was first made by the French ampelographer Paul Truel (* 1924) was cleared up. In 2010 were in Argentina 139 hectares and in Uruguay 13 hectares and thus a total of 152 hectares are shown (Statistics Kym Anderson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012