The too Spain counting archipelago Canary Islands (Span. Canarias) with about 7,500 km² is located in the Atlantic off the northwest coast of Africa. This is 1,100 km from mainland Spain, but the easternmost island of Lanzarote is only 100 km from Africa ( Morocco ) away. When the Romans in the antiquity On the island of Fuerteventura, they found numerous packs of wild dogs, so they called the island "Insula Canaria" (dog island). In 1402 a Spanish ship landed on Gran Canaria and found there the indigenous people of the Guanches, this people still lived as in the Stone Age. The Spaniards and port giants brought with them their native grape varieties until the end of this century and established viticulture.