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capacity measures

All the hollow dimensions currently valid worldwide are based on the metric system (Table 1); see also under Dimensions, In addition, very old cavities are still in use (Table 2). The Anglo-American measurement systems are almost only in the United States. England and some other countries in use (Table 3). The ancient Roman dimensions are below congius contain. In the sources about old units of measurement, the information about the volumes is often different and the differences are sometimes considerable. See also other dimensional lists below drum types. space measurements. bottles. units. wine vessels and Wine production volumes,

metric system

capacity measures

Cast off.

Cube (edge length)

Number of liters

milliliter ml 1 cm³ (1 cm) a thousandth
Zentiliter cl 10 cm³ (2.15 cm) 0.01
deciliter dl 100 cm³ (4.64 cm) 0.1
liter l 1 dm³ (10 cm) 1 (with water 1 kg)
hectoliters hl 100 dm³ (46.42 cm) 100
KL kl 1 m³ (100 cm) 1000

different dimensions

In the past, a distinction was usually made between hollow dimensions for liquids (liquid dimensions) and hollow dimensions for solids (dry dimensions for e.g. nuts, salt, flour and cereals). In some cases, the dry matter was further divided into those for "smooth fruit" (e.g. de-grain) and those with "rough fruit" (after threshing, not de-peeled). The picture shows six dimensions from the "Mens ponderia" in Pompeii (found after the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 AD), an urban facility for checking the dimensions and weights.

Cavities - six cavities from the

capacity measures

Volume in liters

comment

eighth (Achterl) 0,125 Austria
amphora differently ancient Greece and Rome
anchor 34 to 45 many European countries
Armina 34,75 old wine measure in Spain
Brente (Brenta) 40 to 50 old wine measure Switzerland, Italy
Butte (Hotte, Logel) 40 old wine measure in francs
Cantara (Cantaro) 18.35 and others Spain, South America
charge A diversity France
Chopine (Chaupine) 476.073 ml France
congius 3.27 ancient Rome
Culleus 524 ancient Rome, leather hose
DOUIL 450 old size in France
Driling (Three Ling) A diversity Germany, Austria
bucket 12 to 15 old measure in many countries
container A diversity old size, general description
Glass 0.15 old size in Germany
hemina 0.274 ancient rome, mug amount
pot (Maßkanne) 0.9 to 2.17 old size in Germany
jug 0.5 to 1.5 old measure in many countries
skid 458 to 796 old size in Germany
grummet (Lails, logel) 45 to 50 old wine measure Deutschl, Switzerland
litron 0.81 old size in France
Marc 4,000 kg of grapes see below champagne
measure 1 to 2, today one liter German speaking area
Metzen (Whore) A diversity German speaking area
muid (Demi-Muid) A diversity old measure in many countries
hogshead (Oxhoved) 210 to 290 old measure in many countries
Pazeid 6 1/3, 50 old size in South Tyrol
whistle 0.1 to 0.2 Austria
Pfiffche (Piffche) 0.1 Germany
pot (Pote, pott) 0.9 to 2.4 old measure in many countries
quart (Lodging) A diversity old size
schoppen 0.4 and 0.5 German speaking area
Sester 6.25 Baden, Alsace, Switzerland
sextarius 0.54 ancient Rome, jug
piece 1200 German speaking area
Tappit hen 2.25 old measure and wine container
ton 60 to 347 old measure in many countries
Tonneau 900 old size in France
Yhrn (Orna, Ürn) 56 to 88 old wine measure in South Tyrol

Anglo-American dimensions

The origin of this measurement system lies in medieval England and was valid in the area of influence of the former British Empire. There are several options. In the United States, in 1893, the reference to our own measuring standards was given to the corresponding metric measuring standards for the basic units yard and pound. With the introduction of the unified “International Yard” in 1959, all states except Great Britain made a final switch to metric measures. In the 19th and 20th centuries, the Anglo-American measuring systems were officially used in the United Kingdom and its colonies as well as in the USA.

Great Britain had committed in 1973 to abandon the measurement system in favor of the metric system, but the changeover met with great resistance. In order to facilitate this, both measurement systems were to be used in parallel until originally in 2010; this exception rule was converted into an unlimited one in 2007. In the USA, the Anglo-American measuring system in the variant of the "Customary units" (historical form of the British measuring system) is still fully used as the main measuring system. Some Anglo-American measures are also used internationally, but often not as an actually measured size, but as a nominal name. For example, oil is traded on the stock exchange in the volume unit of barrel, but is weighed in tons. The imperial units are still widespread, especially in everyday dealings with citizens. The situation is similar in Ireland, Canada, India, Malaysia, Australia and New Zealand.

Dimensions

England

United States

comment

Gill 0,142 0.118 1/32 gallon
Cup 0,284 0.236 1/16 gallon
pint 0,568 0.473 1/8 gallon
quart 1.14 0.946 1/4 gallon
gallon 4,546 3,785 -
rundlet 68.191 68.137 1/7 pipe
barrel 119.335 119.240 1/8 do
Tierce 159.113 158.987 1/2 puncheon, 1/6 tun
Hogshead 238.67 238.48 1/2 pipe, 1/4 tun
Puncheon 318.226 317.975 1/3 do
Pipe 477.339 476.962 1/2 do
To do (Volume) 954.68 953.924 2 pipes, 3 puncheons, 6 tierces

Cavities from Pompeii: By Claus Ableiter - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link

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