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capacity measures

The metric system is based on all globally valid hollow dimensions (Table 1); see also under Dimensions, In addition, even very old hollow dimensions are in use (Table 2). The Anglo-American measurement systems are almost only in the United States. England and some other countries (Table 3). The old Roman cavities are under congius contain. In the sources about old units of measurement, the data on the volumes are often different and the differences to the part considerable. See also other measure-related statements under drum types. space measurements. bottles. units. wine vessels and Wine production volumes,

metric system

capacity measures

Cast off.

Cube (edge length)

Number of liters

milliliter ml 1 cm³ (1 cm) a thousandth
Zentiliter cl 10 cm³ (2,15 cm) 0.01
deciliter dl 100 cm³ (4.64 cm) 0.1
liter l 1 dm³ (10 cm) 1 (water 1 kg)
hectoliters hl 100 dm³ (46.42 cm) 100
KL kl 1 m³ (100 cm) 1000

different cavities

In the past, a distinction was made between cavities for liquids (liquid dimensions) and cavities for solids (dry dimensions for, for example, nuts, salt, flour and cereals). In part, the dry measures were further differentiated into those for "smooth fruit" (eg dehusked grain) and those with "rough fruit" (after threshing, not dehusked). The picture shows six cavities from the "Mens ponderia" in Pompeii (found after the eruption of the Vesuvius in 79 AD), an urban facility for the control of dimensions and weights.

Hollow measurements - six hollow measures from the

capacity measures

Volume in liters


eighth (Achterl) 0,125 Austria
amphora differently Ancient Greece and Rome
anchor 34 to 45 many European countries
Armina 34,75 old wine measure in spain
Brente (Brenta) 40 to 50 old wine measure Switzerland, Italy
Butte (Hotte, Logel) 40 old wine measure in francs
charge A diversity France
Chopine (Chaupine) 476.073 ml France
congius 3.27 ancient Rome
Culleus 524 antique Rome, leather tube
DOUIL 450 old size in France
Driling (Three Ling) A diversity Germany, Austria
bucket 12 to 15 old size in many countries
container A diversity old hollow size, general designation
Glass 0.15 old hollow measure in Germany
hemina 0.274 old Rome, cup amount
pot (Maßkanne) 0.9 to 2.17 old hollow measure in Germany
jug 0.5 to 1.5 old size in many countries
skid 458 to 796 old hollow measure in Germany
grummet (Lails, Logel) 45 to 50 old wine measure Deutschl, Switzerland
litron 0.81 old size in France
Marc 4,000 kg of grapes see below champagne
measure 1 to 2, today a liter German-speaking area
Metzen (Whore) A diversity German-speaking area
muid (Demi-Muid) A diversity old size in many countries
hogshead (Oxhoved) 210 to 290 old size in many countries
Pazeid 6 1/3, 50 old measure in South Tyrol
whistle 0.1 to 0.2 Austria
Pfiffche (Piffche) 0.1 Germany
pot (Pote, Pott) 0.9 to 2.4 old size in many countries
quart (Lodging) A diversity old size
schoppen 0.4 and 0.5 German-speaking area
Sester 6.25 Baden, Alsace, Switzerland
sextarius 0.54 antique Rome, pitcher
piece 1200 German-speaking area
Tappit hen 2.25 old cask and wine vessel
ton 60 to 347 old size in many countries
Tonneau 900 old size in France
Yhrn (Orna, Ürn) 56 to 88 old wine measure in South Tyrol

Anglo-American cavities

The origin of this system of measurement lies in medieval England and was valid in the area of influence of the former British Empire. There are several variants. In the United States in 1893, the reference to their own measuring standards on given for the basic units Yard and Pound the corresponding metric measuring standards determined. With the introduction of the unified "International Yard" in 1959, there was a definitive changeover to the metrical measures in all states except Great Britain. In the 19th and 20th centuries, Anglo-American systems of measurement were officially used in the United Kingdom and its colonies, as well as in the United States.

Britain had committed itself in 1973 to abandon the system of measurement in favor of the metric system, but the conversion met with great resistance. In order to facilitate this, both systems of measurement should be used in parallel until 2010, and this derogation was converted into an indefinite one in 2007. In the USA, the Anglo-American measurement system in the variant of the "customary units" (historical form of the British measurement system) is still in full use as the main system of measurement. Some Anglo-American measures are also used internationally, but often not as a measured size, but as a nominal designation. For example, while oil is traded in the unit of volume of barrels at the stock exchange, it is weighed in tons. The "imperial units" are still widespread, especially in everyday intercourse among the citizens. The situation is similar in Ireland, Canada, India, Malaysia, Australia and New Zealand.



United States


Gill 0,142 0.118 1/32 gallon
Cup 0,284 0.236 1/16 gallon
pint 0,568 0.473 1/8 gallon
quart 1.14 0.946 1/4 gallon
gallon 4,546 3,785 -
rundlet 68.191 68.137 1/7 pipe
barrel 119.335 119.240 1/8 doing
Tierce 159.113 158.987 1/2 Puncheon, 1/6 Do
Hogshead 238.67 238.48 1/2 pipe, 1/4 action
Puncheon 318.226 317.975 1/3 doing
Pipe 477.339 476.962 1/2 Do
Do (Volume) 954.68 953.924 2 pipes, 3 punches, 6 animals

Hollow measurements from Pompeii: By Claus Ableiter - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link

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