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Made of glass or other materials, wine bottles with balloon-shaped body in many sizes from 2 to 50 liters and more. The first small-sized wine bottles were produced in the 17th century and also had a balloon or spherical body. The bottle bottom a balloon bottle has only about half the circumference of the cylinder in the middle. Together with a slight curvature inward, it is protected against breakage during placement. Special wooden racks also allow stacking. There are also models with drain tap for the tap - see picture left:

Balloon bottle - with drain tap, carboy, demijohn

To protect against breakage and damaging light, they are often covered with a network of straw, raffia, wicker or similar material as well as plastic, which is why they are also referred to as demijohns. For larger volumes such bottles are also provided with carrying handles. Such containers are mainly used for transport or long-term storage and also the serving of must, juices and wine.

The big advantage of Glass or ceramics is the sterility, because compared to wood or plastic, no flavorings are delivered. Such bottles / vessels for wine (as well as other alcoholic beverages like spirits and fruit juices) are common in many countries, eg. B. Damajuana (Argentina), demijohn aka Lady Jane (England, Portugal, Spain), bombona (Spain), bonbonne and Lady Jeanne (France) as well Damigiana and Fiasco (Italy). See also the topic under bottles and wine vessels,

Picture left: Public domain, Link
Picture center: From User: Florean Fortescue - Own work , CC BY 3.0 , Link
Picture right: By Frank Papenbroock - himself, CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link Z

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