The red berry grape variety is a new breed between Ribier ( Alphonse Lavallee x Queen of the vineyards, Synonyms are Apostoliatiko, Cardenal, Cardinal Crveni, Francesa, G 10-30, Karaburnu Rannii, Cardinal and Rannii Carabournu. The parenting specified in the breed list Ahmeur Bou Ahmeur (Flame Tokay) x Ribier has been through in 2009 DNA analysis proved wrong. The crossing took place in the years 1939 and 1943 in California by the breeders Elmer Snyder and F. Harmon. She was crossing partner in the new breeds Alba. Arkadia. Blanc Du Bois. Carina (2) Corredera. Diana (2) Flame Seedless. Superior Seedless. Zagore and Zhemchuzhina Oskhi, A precocious mutation is the table grape Cardinal Early.
The early-ripening, high-yielding vine is susceptible to both mildews and Botrytis, as well as sensitive to frost, When table grape She is in large quantities in the countries Bulgaria (~ 2,000 ha), Italy (~ 4,000 ha), Romania (~ 4,000 ha) and Spain (~ 6,000 ha) used. The global population is estimated at about 30,000 hectares. Cardinal is also partly as Kelter grape used.These acreage is available in the countries Croatia (91 ha), Mexico (168 ha), Austria. Peru (53 ha), Spain (16 ha), Thailand. United States and Vietnam, In 2010, a total of 536 hectares of vineyards were reported (Statistics Kym Anderson ).
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)