The vineyards of Austrian State count (beside upper Austria. Salzburg. Tirol and Vorarlberg ) to the smallest wine regionBergland, This designation applies to Vins, the quality wines may be named " wine region Carinthia ". A winegrowing in Carinthia is first documented in 822 documentary. He developed around the ecclesiastical patrons Millstatt, Ossiach, Gurk, St. Georgen am Längsee, Viktring, Griffen, St. Paul and the bishopric of St. Andrä and Wolfsberg. The largest extent he reached in the 16th century with several hundred hectares. By developing as a popular drink beer, warlike turmoil, high taxes, phylloxera and mildew it came to a decline.
In the early 1990s, a new beginning for viticulture in Carinthia was started. The association "Vinum Carinthiae", founded in 1993, aims to reintroduce wine growing in Carinthia as a landscape-shaping element for the enrichment of the cultural landscape on a larger scale and to disseminate it. In 2003 the Carinthian Winegrowing Association was founded. Soil analyzes have shown that quality winegrowing is possible throughout Carinthia. The centers of Carinthian viticulture lie in the district of St. Veit with the Längsee and around the castle Hochosterwitz, in Lavanttal, in the area of Feldkirchen and around the city Klagenfurt such. B. the lake meadow on Wörthersee.
As part of an EU project launched in 2005, the Obstbauversuchsanstalt in St. Andrä in Lavanttal scientifically determined which grape varieties are suitable in Carinthia. In 2018, the vineyards covered 170 hectares, which means a fivefold increase in 15 years. They are predominantly with the white wine varieties Chardonnay. Sauvignon Blanc, Pinot Blanc ( Pinot Blanc ) Traminer and Riesling, the rest with the red wines Zweigelt and Pinot Noir ( Pinot Noir ) planted. There are around 90 vineyards. These include Gartner (St. Andra), Holzfeind (Kötschach -Mauthen), Janko (St. Paul), Kegley (Karnburg), Prochazka (Feldkirchen), Pulsinger (Wolfsberg), Serschen (Klagenfurt) and Unterkofler (Klagenfurt).
Image: © ÖWM - Weinbauverband Kärnten