The largest cooperative winery in Israel with 120 members is called "Cooperative Vigneronne des Grandes Caves Richon-Le-Zion & Zichron-Jacob Ltd". The origin dates back to 1882, when Baron Edmond de Rothschild (1845-1934), the son of the founder of the famous Château Lafite-Rothschild James de Rothschild (1792-1868), the two wineries Zikhron-Yaacov (Jakob) south of Haifa am already in the Old Testament of the Bible mentioned Mount Carmel (Book of Kings 1/18) and Rishon Le Ziyyon near Tel Aviv. He handed these to the winegrowers in 1906. The Hebrew word "Carmel" means "vineyard" or "God's vineyard", because here was the Israelites already at biblical times viticulture operated. The baron was thereby (in addition to a financial donation of 60 million gold francs) the founder of modern viticulture in Israel.
Today the cooperative sells wines and spirits under the label "Carmel". From a total of about 2,000 hectares of vineyards are produced in the most modern, computer-controlled plants wines in all price and quality classes. The top products include the Private Collection Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot, The standard product line is the Vineyards Selected wines. Of course, even in large quantities kosher wines manufactured. The cooperative produces just under two-thirds of domestic consumption.