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The red grape variety comes from France. The name derives from the Ruby Color of the grapes. Synonyms alphabetically grouped by country are Grande Vidure ( Chile ); Cabernet Mix, Cabernet Shelongzhu ( China ); Bouton Blanc, Cabernella, Cabernelle, Cabernet Carmenère, Carbonet, Carbouet, Carménègre, Caremenelle, Carménère, Carmeneyre, Grosse Vidure ( France ); Bordo, Cabernet Grosso, Uva Francesca ( Italy ). Despite apparently suggesting synonyms or morphological No similarities with the varieties Cabernet Franc. Cabernet Sauvignon. Gros Cabernet or Merlot be confused.

Carmenère - grape and leaf

According to in 2013 DNA analysis is Carmenère from a probably natural crossing Mourál x Cabernet Franc emerged. (until then Gros Cabernet accepted as mother variety). This explains the confusion with Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot, both of which have Cabernet Franc as parents. There was confusion in northern Italy, where vines planted under the Cabernet Franc name in the 1980s and 1990s were actually Carmenère. And in Chile it was mistaken for Merlot until the 1990s. The variety grown in China Cabernet Blended is identical to Carmenère according to DNA analysis. The Carmenère variety was a crossing partner in several new varieties by the Italian breeder Rebo Rigotti, such as B. Gosen,

The late ripening, unprofitable vine tends to Verrieseln and is prone to root problems. It produces a dark purple, full-bodied red wine with soft tannins and diverse aromas of blackberries and black pepper. chocolate. tobacco and leather, It was first mentioned in 1783 in the Bergerac area under the name Carmeynere. The variety was particularly popular in the early 18th century Médoc very much appreciated and together with the Cabernet Franc established the fame of the top chateaux there. Before the phylloxera she was more often blended in Bordeaux wines.

Because of the uncertain yields, other varieties were given preference, so that they had almost died out in France. But she found out in the Médoc through a reactivation program a certain revival and occupies 29 hectares. Other stocks in Europe only exist in Croatia (19 ha) and in large quantities in Italy, Here is mainly in the northeast in the three regions Friuli-Venezia Giulia. Lombardy and Veneto approved in some DOC areas and occupies a total of 1,074 hectares of vineyards.

The variety is particularly popular overseas Chile popular where it was introduced in the mid-19th century. It was often grown together with Merlot and therefore confused in the following. The fact that many supposed Merlot vines are Carmenère was discovered in 1994 by the French ampelographer Jean-Michel Boursiquot (* 1958) discovered and proven by 1997 DNA analyzes. The variety was not officially recognized or approved in Chile until 1998. The Chilean acreage totals 8,827 hectares.

Other overseas stocks exist in Argentina (56 ha), Australia. Brazil (7 ha), China Blended under Cabernet (1,353 ha), California (22 ha) and Canada (2 ha). Carmenère occupied a total of 11,360 hectares of vineyards under her various names in 2010. Compared to 1990 with 5,711 hectares at the time, there was a doubling. It thus proves worldwide varieties ranking rank 63.

Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)

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