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The red variety comes from France. The name derives from the Ruby Color of the grapes. Synonyms grouped alphabetically by country are Grande Vidure ( Chile ); Cabernet Gernischt, Cabernet Shelongzhu ( China ); Bouton Blanc, Cabernella, Cabernelle, Cabernet Carmenere, Carbonet, Carbouet, Carménègre, Caremenelle, Carménère, Carmeneyre, Grosse Vidure ( France ); Bordo, Cabernet Grosso, Uva Francesca ( Italy ). It may, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological Similarities do not match the varieties Cabernet Franc. Cabernet Sauvignon. Gros Cabernet or Merlot be confused.

Carmenère - grape and leaf

According to done in 2013 DNA analysis Carmenère is from a probably natural crossroads Mourál x Cabernet Franc emerged. (until then Gros Cabernet adopted as mother strain). This explains the confusion with Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot, both of which have Cabernet Franc as parent. There were confusions in northern Italy, where in the 1980s and 1990s under the name Cabernet Franc vines were in fact Carmenère. And in Chile, she was mistaken until the 1990s with Merlot. The cultivated in China variety Cabernet Gernischt is identical to Carmenère according to DNA analysis. The variety Carmenère was crossing partner in the new breed Gosen,

The late-ripening, unsustainable vine tends to Verrieseln and is prone to root problems. It produces a dark purple, full-bodied red wine with soft tannins and a variety of blackberry, blackberry aromas pepper. chocolate. tobacco and leather, It was first mentioned in 1783 in the Bergerac area under the name Carmeynere. The variety was especially in the early 18th century Médoc much appreciated and founded together with the Cabernet Franc the glory of the local top Châteaux. Before the phylloxera she was more likely to blend in Bordeaux wines.

Due to the uncertain yields other varieties were given preference, so that they were almost extinct in France. But she learned in the Médoc through a reactivation program a certain revival and occupy 29 acres. More stocks in Europe are only available in Croatia (19 ha) and in larger quantities in Italy, Here is especially in the northeast in the three regions Friuli-Venezia Giulia. Lombardy and Veneto approved in some DOC areas and occupies a total of 1,074 hectares of vineyards.

Overseas, the species is particularly in Chile popular, where it was introduced in the mid-19th century. She was often grown together with Merlot and therefore confused in the episode. The fact that many of the alleged Merlot vines are Carmenère dates back to 1994 by the French ampelographer Jean-Michel Boursiquot (* 1958) and proved by 1997 carried out DNA analysis. The variety was officially recognized or approved in Chile only in 1998. The Chilean acreage amounts to a total of 8,827 hectares.

There are more stocks overseas in Argentina (56 ha), Australia. Brazil (7 ha), China under Cabernet Gernischt (1.353 ha), California (22 ha) and Canada (2 ha). Carmenère took under her various names in 2010, a total of 11,360 hectares of vineyards. Compared to the year 1990 with then 5,711 hectares, there was thus a doubling. It occupies it in the worldwide varieties ranking the rank 63.

Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)

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