DOCG area for red wine in the Italian region Tuscany, The vineyards are located at 250 to 400 meters above sea level in the two municipalities of Carmignano and Poggio a Caiano on the northern slopes of Monte Albano on the north bank of the Arno in the province of Prato 15 kilometers northwest of Florence. A red wine from this area was already famous in the 14th century and was then praised as "foaming Carmignano" or referred to as one of the most prestigious and expensive of Florence. By the Grand Duke Cosimo III. (1642-1723) from the family of Medici received this wine already in 1716 legal status and as one of the first wines in Italy as well as Europe a protected Origin designation with defined limits. He was then regularly delivered to the English royal family in London. Already in the 18th century, the imported from France Cabernet Sauvignon (here referred to as Uva Francesca) was added. In 1975, here was the first DOC area in Tuscany (long before the Chianti ) officially approved the use of Cabernet Sauvignon. In 1990 he received (retroactively from 1988) the DOCG classification.
The wine is made from the varieties Sangiovese (to 50%), Canaiolo Nero (max 20%), Cabernet Sauvignon and or Cabernet Franc (10-20%), the white varieties Trebbiano Toscano and / or Canaiolo Bianco logo CNRS logo INIST Drupeggio and / or Malvasia del Chianti logo CNRS logo INIST Malvasia Bianca Lunga (max 10%), as well as other approved red varieties (max 10%) blended. The minimum alcohol content is 12.5% vol. Minimum age is 20 months, of which 8 months are in wooden barrels. With three years of storage (including one in a wooden barrel) he is allowed Riserva call. The significant feature of the garnet red, velvety wine is an intense almond flavor. It unfolds only after a few years and can be stored for up to 20 years. If the grapes come from classified vineyards, can Vigna followed by the layer name. For rosé and red wines, there is the DOC area Barco Reale di Carmignano and for Vin Santo the DOC area Vin Santo di Carmignano,