Color description (also crimson) for one red wine as part of a wine address, The name of the red grape Carmenère is probably also derived from this. Carmine is an organic pigment of red colour; the name derives from the Arabic-Persian “kermes” for scarlet berries. To obtain the red dye, dried female cochineal scale insects are boiled out in water with the addition of a little sulfuric acid. The insects absorb the substance by sucking off the juice of prickly pear cacti (opuntias). The Incas already knew this dye. The insects were then brought to Europe from South America by the Spaniards and bred in Gran Canaria. The dye is used in the manufacture of Campari and also used in cosmetics (lipstick). Today it is also made synthetically.