One of the eight specific wine regions in the Austrian state or generic wine-growing region Lower Austria, In 1993, the previously forming a common wine-growing districts Danubia (since year 2008 Wagram ) and Carnuntum separately. Already the Celts and later the Romans operated viticulture here. In the middle of the first century, the former Celtic kingdom Noricum became a Roman province. The Romans built near the place Petronell, where the amber road the Danube a legion camp and a civilian city with a large amphitheater, which counted around 100 AD around 40,000 inhabitants. The border against the Teutons was fortified with a rampart, the Limes. In the 20th century extensive excavations took place. Outside the village reminds a former 20 -meter-high triumphal arch to the imperial conference in 308. By 400 Carnuntum was destroyed by the Teutons.
The hilly landscape extends south of the Danube east of Wien to the limit of Slovakia, The vineyards are located at the foothills of the spa line and also benefit from the temperature compensation of Lake Neusiedl and the Danube. The here already strongly noticeable Pannonian climate impact ensures high summer average temperatures and above-average grape ripeness, which creates excellent conditions for red wines. There are sandy, loam, loess and gravel soils, which are mostly due to deposits of the Danube. Geologically, the area is part of the Vienna Basin.
The vineyards are sometimes scattered, but there are two major concentrations of contiguous areas. The sunny southern slopes of Spitzerberg form at Prellenkirchen a small red wine island. The second major area is around the three municipalities Göttlesbrunn, Arbesthal and Höflein. Other viticulture communities are Bruck an der Leitha, Hainburg and Stixneusiedl. Known vineyards in the vineyard Carnuntum are Altenberg. Bärnreiser (Bärenreiser), Birnzipf, Bühl (with Subrieden Aubühl, Kirchbühl), Geizbillen, Gsetzen, Hagelberg, Haidacker, forces, Neuberg, Rosenberg, Scheibner, Schütte mountain and chairmakers.
In 2015, the vineyards covered a total of 907 hectares of vineyards. Compared to 2009 with 910 hectares there was no change. The proportion of red wines is 54.3% and the proportion of white wines 45.7%. It dominates with a quarter of the total area of Zweigelt, followed by Grüner Veltliner, Blaufränkisch and Merlot.
| Grape variety - Austrian |
| officially permitted in Austria |
|colour|| hectare |
| % -Ant |
| hectare |
|Zweigelt||Blue Zweigelt, Rotburger||red||240||26.4||226|
|Chardonnay||Morillon - Not used in Lower Austria||White||35||3.8||25.5|
|White Burgundy||Pinot Blanc, Klevner||White||27||3.0||30|
|muscatel||Yellow M., Red M. / Muscat Blanc||White||24||2.6||14.5|
|Blue Burgundy||Pinot Noir, Blue Pinot Noir||red||19||2.1||19.5|
|Gem. Set knows||-||White||17||1.8||27.5|
|White Riesling||Riesling, Rhine Riesling||White||13.1||1.4||14|
|Gem. Set red||-||red||6.6||0.7||0.9|
|Traminer||Gewurztraminer, Red T., Yellow T.||White||1.5||0.2||2.2|
|Gray Burgundy||Pinot gris, Ruländer||White||0.7||0.1||0.6|
|and white varieties||-||White||5.5||0.6||9|
|and red varieties||-||red||0.1||-||0.3|
The origin-oriented DAC system it's in preparation.
Well-known producers are Artner Hannes. Böheim Johann. Dorli Muhr. Nobleman Christian. Glatzer Walter. Grassl Philipp. Young Leo. Stock Ernst. Markovich Gerhard. Markovich Lukas. Nepomukhof. Netzl Franz. Oppelmayer. Ott Stefan. Payr Robert. Pelzmann. Pimpel. Pitnauer. Schenzel-Wallner. Taferner Alois. Taferner Franz. Trapl and Zwickelstorfer, A well-known winegrower association is Traditionsweingüter Austria,
Höflein: © ÖWM - Armin Faber
Map: © ÖWM