One of the eight specific ones wine regions in the Austrian state or generic wine-growing region Lower Austria, In 1993, the districts that had been a common wine-growing region until then Danubia (since year 2008 Wagram ) and Carnuntum separately. Already the Celts and later the Romans cultivated wine here. In the middle of the first century, the former Celtic kingdom of Noricum became a Roman province. The Romans built near Petronell, where the amber road Danube crossed, a legion camp and a civil city with a large amphitheater, which had around 40,000 inhabitants around AD 100. The border against the Teutons was fortified with a wall, the Limes. Extensive excavations took place in the 20th century. Outside the town, a former 20-meter-high triumphal arch commemorates the Imperial Conference in 308. Around 400, Carnuntum was destroyed by the Teutons.
The hilly landscape extends south of the Danube east of Wien to the limit of Slovakia, The vineyards are located at the foothills of the thermal line and also benefit from the temperature compensation of Lake Neusiedl and the Danube. The Pannonian that is already very noticeable here climate impact ensures high summer average temperatures and above-average grape ripeness, which creates excellent conditions for red wines. Sand, loam, loess and gravel soils predominate, which are mostly due to deposits on the Danube. Geologically, the area is part of the Vienna Basin.
The vineyards are partly scattered, but there are two major concentrations of contiguous areas. The sunny south-facing slopes of the Spitzerberg form part of Prellenkirchen a small red wine island. The second larger area is around the three municipalities Göttlesbrunn, Arbesthal and Höflein. Other winegrowing communities are Bruck an der Leitha, Hainburg and Stixneusiedl. Well-known vineyards in the Carnuntum wine region Altenberg. Bärnreiser (Bear rice), Birnzipf, Bühl (with Subrieden Aubühl, Kirchbühl), Geizbillen, Getzen, Hagelberg, Haidacker, forces, Neuberg, Rosenberg, Scheibner, Schütte mountain and chair workers.
In 2015, the vineyards covered a total of 907 hectares of vineyards. There was no change compared to 2009 with 910 hectares. The proportion of red wine varieties is 54.3% and the proportion of white wine varieties is 45.7%. It dominates with a quarter of the total area of Zweigelt, followed by Grüner Veltliner, Blaufränkisch and Merlot.
| Grape variety - Austrian |
| officially permitted in Austria |
|colour|| hectare |
| % -Ant |
| hectare |
|Zweigelt||Blauer Zweigelt, Rotburger||red||240||26.4||226|
|Chardonnay||Morillon - not used in Lower Austria||White||35||3.8||25.5|
|White Burgundy||Pinot Blanc, Klevner||White||27||3.0||30|
|muscatel||Yellow M., Red M. / Muscat Blanc||White||24||2.6||14.5|
|Blue burgundy||Pinot Noir, Blue Pinot Noir||red||19||2.1||19.5|
|According to sentence white||-||White||17||1.8||27.5|
|White Riesling||Riesling, Rheinriesling||White||13.1||1.4||14|
|According to sentence red||-||red||6.6||0.7||0.9|
|Traminer||Gewurztraminer, Red T., Yellow T.||White||1.5||0.2||2.2|
|Gray burgundy||Pinot gris, Ruländer||White||0.7||0.1||0.6|
|and. white varieties||-||White||5.5||0.6||9|
|and. red varieties||-||red||0.1||-||0.3|
From the 2019 vintage, the origin-controlled quality level Carnuntum DAC was introduced. All other quality wines have to come from Lower Austria, the Vins under the wine-growing region designation wine country be marketed. In addition to the generally applicable DAC conditions special rules apply. The established brand Ruby Carnuntum for Zweigelt wines typical of the region, it remains in parallel with the DAC regulation.
They are for white wines Quality wine-grape varietiesGreen Valtellina, Pinot Blanc ( Pinot Blanc ) and Chardonnay, for red wines Blaufränkisch and Zweigelt authorized. Pure varietal wines only have to be vinified from them, blends from at least two thirds. It means that cuvées can also contain up to a third of other quality wine grape varieties, such as red wine St. Laurent. Cabernet Sauvignon or Merlot,
There are the three levels of regional wine, local wine (from cross-local wine-growing communities, up to 15% from neighboring communities) and Riedenwein (registered in the wine-growing cadastre Riede, up to 15% from neighboring vineyards). The wines have to dry be expanded. Red wines must have at least 12% vol alcohol content exhibit. In addition, local and vineyard wines should be given enough time to develop their independent and expressive character. The application to obtain the State test number for white wine not before March 15th and for red wine before November 1st of the year following the harvest.
Well-known producers are Artner Hannes. Böheim Johann. Dorli Muhr. Nobleman Christian. Glatzer Walter. Grassl Philipp. Jahner Leo. Ernst camp. Markowitsch Gerhard. Markowitsch Lukas. Nepomukhof. Netzl Franz. Oppelmayer. Ott Stefan. Payr Robert. Pelzmann. Pimpel. Pitnauer. Schenzel-Wallner. Taferner Alois. Taferner Franz. Trapl and Zwickelstorfer, A well-known winegrowers' association is Traditional wineries Austria,
Höflein: © ÖWM - Armin Faber
Map: © ÖWM