One of the eight specific wine regions in the Austrian state or generic wine-growing region Lower Austria, In 1993, the previously forming a common wine-growing districts Danubia (since year 2008 Wagram ) and Carnuntum separately. Already the Celts and later the Romans operated viticulture here. In the middle of the first century, the former Celtic kingdom Noricum became a Roman province. The Romans built near the place Petronell, where the amber road the Danube a legion camp and a civilian city with a large amphitheater, which counted around 100 AD around 40,000 inhabitants. The border against the Teutons was fortified with a rampart, the Limes. In the 20th century extensive excavations took place. Outside the village reminds a former 20 -meter-high triumphal arch to the imperial conference in 308. By 400 Carnuntum was destroyed by the Teutons.
The hilly landscape extends south of the Danube east of Wien to the limit of Slovakia, The vineyards are located at the foothills of the spa line and also benefit from the temperature compensation of Lake Neusiedl and the Danube. The here already strongly noticeable Pannonian climate impact ensures high summer average temperatures and above-average grape ripeness, which creates excellent conditions for red wines. There are sandy, loam, loess and gravel soils, which are mostly due to deposits of the Danube. Geologically, the area is part of the Vienna Basin.
The vineyards are sometimes scattered, but there are two major concentrations of contiguous areas. The sunny southern slopes of Spitzerberg form at Prellenkirchen a small red wine island. The second major area is around the three municipalities Göttlesbrunn, Arbesthal and Höflein. Other viticulture communities are Bruck an der Leitha, Hainburg and Stixneusiedl. Known vineyards in the vineyard Carnuntum are Altenberg. Bärnreiser (Bärenreiser), Birnzipf, Bühl (with Subrieden Aubühl, Kirchbühl), Geizbillen, Gsetzen, Hagelberg, Haidacker, forces, Neuberg, Rosenberg, Scheibner, Schütte mountain and chairmakers.
In 2015, the vineyards covered a total of 907 hectares of vineyards. Compared to 2009 with 910 hectares there was no change. The proportion of red wines is 54.3% and the proportion of white wines 45.7%. It dominates with a quarter of the total area of Zweigelt, followed by Grüner Veltliner, Blaufränkisch and Merlot.
| Grape variety - Austrian |
| officially permitted in Austria |
|colour|| hectare |
| % -Ant |
| hectare |
|Zweigelt||Blue Zweigelt, Rotburger||red||240||26.4||226|
|Chardonnay||Morillon - Not used in Lower Austria||White||35||3.8||25.5|
|White Burgundy||Pinot Blanc, Klevner||White||27||3.0||30|
|muscatel||Yellow M., Red M. / Muscat Blanc||White||24||2.6||14.5|
|Blue Burgundy||Pinot Noir, Blue Pinot Noir||red||19||2.1||19.5|
|Gem. Set knows||-||White||17||1.8||27.5|
|White Riesling||Riesling, Rhine Riesling||White||13.1||1.4||14|
|Gem. Set red||-||red||6.6||0.7||0.9|
|Traminer||Gewurztraminer, Red T., Yellow T.||White||1.5||0.2||2.2|
|Gray Burgundy||Pinot gris, Ruländer||White||0.7||0.1||0.6|
|and white varieties||-||White||5.5||0.6||9|
|and red varieties||-||red||0.1||-||0.3|
From the year 2019 the origin controlled quality level Carnuntum DAC was introduced. All other quality wines have to deal with the origin of Lower Austria, the Vins under the wine-growing region name wine country be marketed. In addition to the generally valid DAC conditions Special rules apply. The established brand Ruby Carnuntum for typical Zweigelt wines remains in line with the DAC regulation.
For white wines are the Quality wine-grape varietiesGreen Valtellina, Pinot Blanc ( Pinot Blanc ) and Chardonnay, for red wines Blaufränkisch and Zweigelt authorized. Pure wines must be vinified exclusively from it, blends of at least two-thirds. It means that cuvées may also contain up to one-third other quality wine grape varieties, red wine about St. Laurent. Cabernet Sauvignon or Merlot,
There are the three stages area wine, local wine (from local wine growing community, up to 15% from neighboring communities) and Riedenwein (registered in the viticulture cadastre Riede, up to 15% from adjacent vineyards). The wines must dry be expanded. Red wines must be at least 12% vol alcohol content exhibit. In addition, local and vine wines should be given enough time to develop their distinctive and expressive character. The application for obtaining the State test number For white wine, not before 15 March and for red wine not before 1 November of the year following the harvest.
Well-known producers are Artner Hannes. Böheim Johann. Dorli Muhr. Nobleman Christian. Glatzer Walter. Grassl Philipp. Young Leo. Stock Ernst. Markovich Gerhard. Markovich Lukas. Nepomukhof. Netzl Franz. Oppelmayer. Ott Stefan. Payr Robert. Pelzmann. Pimpel. Pitnauer. Schenzel-Wallner. Taferner Alois. Taferner Franz. Trapl and Zwickelstorfer, A well-known winegrower association is Traditionsweingüter Austria,
Höflein: © ÖWM - Armin Faber
Map: © ÖWM