The capital of the ancient Carthaginian Empire was founded by the Phoenicians (City-state Tyros) 814 BC Founded twelve kilometers north of Tunis as a trading colony (according to the Greek mythology of the female legendary figure Dido). These also brought the viticulture here and the Carthaginians took over their knowledge. Around the city there were flowery vineyards. The Greek historian Diodorus Siculus (90-21 BC) describes the Carthaginian landscape in the fourth century BC. Full of vines and olives, especially in the Bagradas Valley and the south of today Tunisia, From the Punic writer Mago (2nd century BC) is the no longer preserved, but often quoted by later authors 26-volume work "De re rustica" in the Punic language about agriculture, including on viticulture. The Roman historian Tacitus (55-120) reports in his annals of a Carthaginian wine made from dried grapes.
When the Greeks gained supremacy in the eastern Mediterranean in the 8th century, contact with the mother city of Tyros was lost. Around 650 BC Carthage then became the dominant power in the western Mediterranean and conquered the western Sicily and Sardinia, In the following centuries, Carthage dealt with Rome in the so-called Punic Wars, the third in 146 BC. BC with the complete destruction of Carthage ended. For the destruction of Carthage had vehemently the Roman politician Cato the Elder (234-149 BC) used but no longer experienced. Under Julius Caesar (100-44 BC) was 44 BC. Carthage to the Roman colony. The picture shows the Antoninus-Pius-Thermen, this is a Roman bathing-bath from the 2nd century. See topic group also under Ancient wines and Antique grape varieties,