The capital of the ancient Carthaginian empire was founded by the Phoenicians (City-state of Tire) 814 BC B.C. founded twelve kilometers north of Tunis as a commercial colony (according to Greek mythology by the female legend Dido). These also brought viticulture here and the Carthaginians took over their knowledge. There were flowering vineyards around the city. The Greek historian Diodorus Siculus (90-21 BC) describes the Carthaginian landscape in the fourth century BC. BC full of vines and olives, especially in the Bagradas Valley and in the south of today's Tunisia, By the Punic writer Mago (2nd century BC) the 26-volume work "De re rustica", which is no longer preserved, but is often quoted by later authors, was written in Punic language about agriculture, including viticulture. The Roman historian Tacitus (55-120) reports in his annals of a Carthaginian wine made from dried grapes.
When the Greeks gained dominance in the Eastern Mediterranean in the 8th century, contact with the mother city of Tire was lost. Around 650 BC Chr. Carthage then became the dominant power in the western Mediterranean and conquered the western one Sicily and Sardinia, In the following centuries Carthage dealt with Rome in the so-called Punic Wars, the third of which in 146 BC. BC ended with the complete destruction of Carthage. The Roman politician vehemently advocated the destruction of Carthage Cato the Elder (234-149 BC) used but never experienced. Under Julius Caesar (100-44 BC) 44 BC BC Carthage to the Roman colony. The picture shows the Antoninus-Pius-Thermen, which is a Roman bathing facility from the 2nd century. See also under the topic Ancient wines and Ancient grape varieties,