The Roman Catholic monastic order (also in the notation Karthäuser) was founded in 1084 by the later canonized Bruno (1035-1101) in La Chartreuse near Grenoble in France. The name Kartause (for monastery) derives from the Latin name Cartusia for the founding of the first Charterhouse. The rules of the Order are still in a mitigated form still strictest asceticism (fasting with three times a week bread, water and salt), commandment of eternal silence (understanding only by signs) and prayer (eight hours a day). The Order's motto is: Stat crux dum volvitur orbis (The cross is fixed as the globe continues to rotate). In the Middle Ages, the Carthusians had extensive vineyards, including in the French Cahors, in the Switzerland, in the German Trier at the Moselle and in the Spanish Priorato,
Just as the monastic orders of the Benedictine and Cistercian The Carthusians have contributed a great deal to the development of viticulture in some European countries. The intensive occupation with viticulture hangs as with all other orders with the special meaning of the measuring wine at Holy Communion ( Eucharist ) together. Adjacent to the Jardin de Luxembourg (Palace Garden) in Paris, they created a collection of fruit trees and vines with which they traded. This was destroyed in the middle of the 19th century during the construction of the large boulevards. However, there is still a catalog with 1,300 grapevine names available. The order also became famous for the production of special herbal liqueurs, especially the liqueur named after the founding monastery Chartreuse, Today, the Order only has just under 1,000 members.