The red variety comes from Italy; the name means "old house" and is derived from the locality. It is a very old Campanian vine, which was considered extinct in the 19th century. In the municipality of Funari di Pontelatone, north of Caserta in Campania was found in an old stone farmhouse a single vine one meter in diameter, the phylloxera disaster had visibly survived in the 19th century. This one was over cuttings increased and subsequently cultivated the variety again.
According to a naturally unverifiable hypothesis, it is believed that the variety is that of Pliny the Elder (23-79) "Trebulanum" or a descendant could act on it. When in 2005 DNA analysis became a genetic relationship with the two varieties Catalanesca and Pallagrello Nero detected. According to analyzes carried out in 2010, the variety could be derived from a presumably natural cross between Malvasia Bianca di Candia x abbuoto (Cecubo), but the Swiss biologist dr. José Vouillamoz is considered unlikely.
The late-ripening, low-yielding vine tends to Verrieseln, but is resistant to fungal diseases, It produces dark-colored, spicy red wines with diverse aromas of herbs, dried mushrooms, green pepper, leather and liquorice. The variety is now cultivated again in several Campanian communities north of Caserta in old vineyards and is becoming increasingly important. She is there since 2011 in the DOC wine Casavecchia di Pontelatone authorized. In 2010, a vineyard of 136 hectares was reported.
Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures : MIPAAF - National Vine Certification Service