The red grape variety comes from Portugal, Synonyms are Bastardo Castico, Bastardo Espanhol, Catelão, Castelão, Castellao Portuguesa, Castico, Joao de Periquita, Joao de Santarém, João de Santarém Tinto, João Santarém, Lariao Preto, Periquita, Piriquita and Piriquito Trincadeira, The variety was first mentioned in 1531 by Ampelographen Rui Fernandes under the visibly misspelled name Catelão. Significant share of the dissemination had José Maria there Fonseca who founded a vineyard in 1834 in Azeitão south of Lisbon and reintroduced the variety here. The first vines were planted by on a vineyard called "Periquita". The wine was so successful that it became popular under this name.
According to 2013 were done DNA analysis is a presumably natural crossing Cayetana Blanca x Alfrocheiro, However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see molecular Genetics ). Despite seemingly indicative synonyms or morphological She may not share similarities with her sister sires (see Cayetana Blanca ) or varieties Pedral. Trincadeira Preta or Trousseau Noir be confused. The variety was crossbred partner of the new breeds Agronomica. Água Santa. complexa. Mulata and Santarena,
The early ripening vine is prone to millerandage (Millerandage) and Verrieseln, but generally resistant to diseases of all kinds. It produces aromatic, tannin-colored, bright red wines with aromas of wild berries and very good storage potential. The mainly in the fields Alentejo. Douro. Setúbal and Tejo cultivated variety is mainly used for blending red and rosé wines and also for sparkling wine production. The acreage in Portugal in 2010 was 11,086 hectares with a decreasing trend (ten years earlier it was 14,424 hectares). It occupies it in the worldwide varieties ranking the rank 64.
Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012