The red grape variety comes from Portugal, Synonyms are Bastardo Castico, Bastardo Espanhol, Catelão, Castelão, Castellao Portugues, Castico, João de Periquita, João de Santarém, João de Santarém Tinto, João Santarém, Lariao Preto, Periquita, Piriquita, Piriquito and Trincadeira, The variety was first mentioned in 1531 by the ampelographer Rui Fernandes under the obviously misspelled name Catelão. José Maria had a significant share in the distribution Fonseca who founded a winery in Azeitão south of Lisbon in 1834 and reintroduced the variety here. The first vines were planted on a vineyard called "Periquita". The wine was so successful that it also became popular under this name.
According to 2013 DNA analysis is a probably natural crossing Cayetana Blanca x Alfrocheiro, However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see below molecular Genetics ). Despite apparently indicative synonyms or morphological It must not be similar to its sibling varieties (see under Cayetana Blanca ) or the varieties Pedral. Trincadeira Preta or Trousseau Noir be confused. The variety was a cross partner of the new varieties Agronomica. Água Santa. complexa. Mulata and Santarena,
The early ripening vine is susceptible to millerandage (Millerandage) and Verrieseln, but generally resistant to all kinds of diseases. It produces aromatic, tannic, colorful red wines with aromas of wild berries and very good storage potential. The mainly in the fields Alentejo. Douro. Setúbal and Tejo Cultivated variety is mainly used for blending red and rose wines and also for sparkling wine production. The acreage in Portugal in 2010 was 11,086 hectares with a downward trend (ten years earlier it was 14,424 hectares). It thus proves worldwide varieties ranking rank 64.
Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012