The red grape variety comes from France, Synonyms include Engrunat, Gros Machouquet, Gros Verdau, Machouquet, Machoupet and Nicouleau. It may, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological Similarities do not match the varieties Béquignol Noir or Fer be confused. According to 2012 done DNA analysis she comes from a cross between Gros Cabernet x Camaraou Noir, However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see under molecular Genetics ). The vine was found near the municipality of Saint-Macaire in the woods around 1870 by a certain M. Nicouleau. A few years later she was allegedly propagated by a M. Castets from the commune of Saint-Pierre d'Aurillac (Gironde). But it could also have been named after the municipality of Castets-en-Dorthe. Castets was crossing partner in the six Slovak new breeds Hron. Nitranka. Rimava. Rudava. Torysa and váh,
The medium-maturing, not particularly productive vine with small berries is particularly resistant to fake, but prone to real mildew, It produces dark-colored, alcohol-rich but low-acid red wines with aging potential. The variety was widespread throughout central and southern France. Today she is in the appellations palette and Vins d'Estaing authorized. However, the acreage of the heavily reduced variety is now only half a hectare. It should also be a small stock in California give.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)