One of the 17 regions (Spanish Cataluña, Catalan Catalunya) in the northeast Spain with the four provinces of Barcelona, Gerona, Lérida and Tarragona. It lies on the northwestern edge of the Mediterranean and covers 32,000 km ². The area has a very varied history behind it, in the 6th century BC came the Greeks, then the Carthaginian and finally, 200 BC, the Romans. The wines from today's DO area Alella already drank the Roman Caesars. The capital Barcelona was already in the antiquity a major trading port. In the 6th century AD came the Alans and Visigoths, from whom the name derives (Gotalonia = Goths). In the 8th century, the Moors conquered the area. These were from Kaiser Charlemagne (742-814), who incorporated the area into his kingdom.
Towards the end of the 9th century, the Spanish Marquis of the Franconian Empire gained virtually independence under the Counts of Barcelona. In the 12th century, Aragon and Catalonia became a kingdom of their own Aragon United (a region of this name now connects to the west). Finally, the independence was lost, in 1479, the kingdom was merged with Castile (the present-day regions of Castilla-La Mancha and Castile-Léon) to the Spanish Empire. Until the 20th century, however, Catalonia tried again and again unsuccessfully to enforce a special government. Catalonia is officially bilingual; also in French Roussillon and on the Balearic Islands is spoken Catalan.
In the 1870s, the triumphal march of the Cava, as Josép Raventós in Penedès the first Spanish sparkling wine produced by the champagne method and the foundation stone of the winery Codorníu put. Further standards were set by the company founded in 1870 Torres, Especially through these two bodegas was founded the modern viticulture of Spain. Until the 1950s, the traditional Catalan wines were the Rancios, the sweetened sweet wines and, of course, the cava. Also in the production of cork plays a significant role in Catalonia. The climate is strongly influenced by the nearby Mediterranean, the coastline is temperate with abundant rainfall, inland it is hotter and drier.
There are mainly the local red wines Garnacha Tinta. Tempranillo and Monastrell, as well as the white wine varieties Macabeo. Parellada and Xarello in front. Increasingly, however, international varieties such as Cabernet Sauvignon and Chardonnay forced. The DO areas are Alella. Ampurdán-Costa Brava. Catalunya. Cava. Conca de Barberà. Costers del Segre. Montsant. Penedès. Pla de Bages. Priorato Acetate (DOCA), Tarragona and Terra Alta, The nearly 200 kilometers off the coast Balearic Islands Historically, the main island of Mallorca has always had a strong connection with Catalonia and has great similarities in viticulture.