The white grape comes from the island Sicily ( Italy ). Synonyms are Carricante, Catarratteddu, Catarratto Bertolaro, Catarratto Bianco Comune, Catarratto Bianco Latino, Catarratto Bianco Lucido, Catarratto Bianco Lucido Serrato, Catarratto Carteddaro, Catarratto Corteddaro, Catarratto Latino, Catarrattu Lu Nostrum and Lucido. Baganedda, Bagascedda, Catarratto Ammantiddatu, Fimminedda and Mattu could be varieties or openly bloomed Trade seedlings from Catarratto Bianco. Despite apparently suggesting synonyms or morphological No similarities with Carricante or Francavidda be confused.
There are two types of catarratto bianco comune and catarratto bianco lucido . Comune has long been considered a descendant of Lucido. To ampelography But there are two analyzes Clones of the same variety. According to in 2017 DNA analysis the Catarratto Bianco Comune variety comes from a presumably natural cross between Garganega x Mantonico Bianco, The variety Grillo is a direct descendant of Catarratto Bianco Lucido. According to DNA analyzes carried out in 2013, the Catarratto Bianco Faux variety is from a presumably natural cross Sangiovese x Catarratto Bianco Comune (an older analysis from 2007 had shown Catarratto Bianco Lucido as the father variety).
The two varieties of the medium to late ripening vine have quite different properties. The Comune is resistant to mushrooms. bacteria and virus, however, the Lucido is more susceptible to real ones due to its more compact grapes mildew and Botrytis, As a rule, simple, acidic white wines with aromas of citrus and herbs are produced, whereby the Lucido is given better potential. It is preferred for the production of Marsala. wormwood and consumer wines, as well as for distillation and the production of RTK used.
The very old variety was already mentioned in 1696 by the botanist Francesco Cupani (1657-1710) in his work "Hortus Catholicus" as a Sicilian wine variety. It is grown in Sicily primarily in the provinces of Agrigento, Palermo and Trapani. There she is among other things in the DOC wines Alcamo. Etna. Mamertino di Milazzo. Marsala. Monreale. Salaparuta and Sicilia authorized. In 2010, 34,794 hectares were designated in Italy (in 2000 there were 50,711). There is a small inventory in the US state California with 68 hectares. The variety occupied a total of 34,863 hectares of vineyards in 2010. That results in worldwide varieties ranking rank 28.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: MIPAAF - National Vine Certification Service