The white grape variety comes from the island Sicily ( Italy ). Synonyms are Carricante, Catarratteddu, Catarratto Bertolaro, Catarratto Bianco Comune, Catarratto Bianco Latino, Catarratto Bianco Lucido, Catarratto Bianco Lucido Serrato, Catarratto Carteddaro, Catarratto Corteddaro, Catarratto Latino, Catarrattu Lu Nostrum and Lucido. Baganedda, Bagascedda, Catarratto Ammantiddatu, Fimminedda and Mattu could be varieties or openly dimmed Seedlings of Catarratto Bianco act. It may, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological Similarities do not coincide Carricante or Francavidda be confused.
One distinguishes the two varieties Catarratto Bianco Comune and Catarratto Bianco Lucido . For a long time Comune was considered a descendant of Lucido. To ampelography Analyzes are two Clones same variety. According to done in 2017 DNA analysis The species Catarratto Bianco Comune comes from a presumably natural cross between Garganega x Mantonico Bianco, The variety Grillo is a direct descendant of Catarratto Bianco Lucido. According to DNA analyzes done in 2013, the Catarratto Bianco Faux variety is from a presumably natural cross Sangiovese x Catarratto Bianco Comune (an older analysis from 2007 but had revealed as the father Catarratto Bianco Lucido).
The two varieties of the medium to late ripening vine have quite different characteristics. The comune is resistant to mushrooms. bacteria and virus Lucido, on the other hand, is more susceptible to the real by its more compact grapes mildew and Botrytis, As a rule, simple, acidic white wines are produced with citrus and herb aromas, whereby the lucido is given better potential. It is preferred for the production of Marsala. wormwood and consumer wines, as well as for the distillation and the production of RTK used.
The very old variety was already mentioned in 1696 by the botanist Francesco Cupani (1657-1710) in his work "Hortus Catholicus" as a Sicilian wine variety. It is grown in Sicily, especially in the provinces of Agrigento, Palermo and Trapani. There she is among other things in the DOC wines Alcamo. Etna. Mamertino di Milazzo. Marsala. Monreale. Salaparuta and Sicilia authorized. In 2010, 34,794 hectares were recorded in Italy (50,711 in 2000). A small stock exists in the US state California with 68 hectares. The variety took in 2010 a total of 34 863 hectares of vineyards. That results in the worldwide varieties ranking the rank 28th
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: MIPAAF - National Vine Certification Service