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The largest wine encyclopedia in the world

23.062 Keywords • 48.237 Synonyms • 5.303 Translations • 28.368 Pronunciations • 155.282 Cross-references

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Cave

French name for winery; see below wine cellar,

Common name for the location where wine is mostly in bottles or stored in other containers. In the original sense, this means an underground room, but the term also applies to an arrangement at ground level. A winery, on the other hand, is usually a production site that, unlike an independent winery, does not have its own vineyards and processes grapes supplied by grape producers, such as at Winzergenossenschaften or other processing communities. Likewise, winery is also used as a name for a wine shop (vinotheque). The old wine cellars dug below the level were mostly located side by side in the so-called Kellergasse and gave a typical picture. That was in front of the actual wine cellar Presshaus in which, as the name says, the Press was carried out. The press house was over the basement with Keller tube, connected to the actual storage cellar. The dark one often found in such cellars basement mold (also basement cat ) was or is desired.

Basement tube and press house

In the fermentation is the fermentation gas that is toxic to humans ( carbon dioxide ). To determine the level of gas present, the extremely unsafe method of candles sample applied. The gas was previously discharged through two structural devices. That was the one in the basement door Gärgitter and the steam pipe (Ventilation shaft). However, both are only suitable to a limited extent because the carbon dioxide is heavier than air and therefore collects at the bottom or at the lowest point. Today, the carbon dioxide is extracted via exhaust doors...

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