The white grape variety comes from the Turkey, Synonyms grouped by country are Chaouch Blanc, Panse de Constantinople, Parc de Versailles ( France ); Tsaousi, Tsaoussi ( Greece ); Roseti ( Italy ); Caus Bijeli ( Croatia ); Ceaus Alb, Turceasca ( Romania ); Tchaouch ( Russia ); Caus Beli ( Serbia ); Damascene ( Slovakia. Czech Republic ); Fehér Tökszölö ( Hungary ). For confusion provides the synonym used in Greece Tsaoussi. Because it gives up Kefallonia confusingly also a "real" variety Tsaoussi but Cavus is according to DNA analysis not related to this Greek variety.
It was probably brought in the 17th century by a Turkish sergeant (Turkish: Cavus) after a campaign from Ta'if near Mecca (Saudi Arabia) as a gift for the sultan. Sultan Ahmet III. (1673-1736) sent in 1720 Cavus vines (under the name Tchaouch) to the Turkish Embassy in France, which they then to the court of King Louis XV. passed on in Versailles. Here, the vine was named Parc de Versailles. There is also a color mutation with pink berries.
The vine is prone to due to the thin berry peel Botrytis and sensitive to frost, It is a pure female grape, It is widespread in the Mediterranean and the Middle East, with well over 50 synonyms attesting. The variety is mainly called table grape and to a lesser extent also used for wine. In Turkey, the wine grape acreage was only 3 hectares in 2010, and that for table grapes is many times greater. She will also be in Algeria. Bulgaria. Greece. Romania. Russia. Serbia and the Ukraine grown. The variety was crossbred partner of the new breeds Aurelia and Misket Dunavski,
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)