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Cavus

The white grape variety comes from the Turkey, Synonyms grouped by country are Chaouch Blanc, Panse de Constantinople, Parc de Versailles ( France ); Tsaousi, Tsaoussi ( Greece ); Roseti ( Italy ); Caus Bijeli ( Croatia ); Ceaus Alb, Turceasca ( Romania ); Tchaouch ( Russia ); Caus Beli ( Serbia ); Damascenka ( Slovakia. Czech Republic ); Fehér Tökszölö ( Hungary ). The synonym Tsaoussi used in Greece causes confusion. Because there is giving up Kefallonia confusingly also a "real" variety Tsaoussi, but Cavus is according DNA analysis not related to this Greek variety.

Cavus (Chaouch Blanc) - grape and leaf

It was probably brought in by a Turkish sergeant (Turkish cavus) in the 17th century after a campaign from Ta'if near Mecca (Saudi Arabia) as a gift for the sultan. Sultan Ahmet III (1673-1736) had Cavus vines (under the name Tchaouch) sent to the Turkish embassy in France in 1720, which they then sent to the court of King Louis XV. passed on in Versailles. Here the vine was given the name Parc de Versailles. There is also a color mutation with pink berries.

The vine is susceptible to due to the thin berry shells Botrytis and sensitive to frost, It is a pure female grape, It is widespread in the Mediterranean countries and the Middle East, of which well over 50 synonyms testify. The variety is mainly called table grape and to a small extent also used for wine. The wine grape area in Turkey was only 3 hectares in 2010, that for table grapes is many times larger. It will also be in Algeria. Bulgaria. Greece. Romania. Russia. Serbia and the Ukraine grown. The variety was a cross partner of the new varieties Aurelia. Lyana and Misket Dunavski,

Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)

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