The white grape variety comes from Spain. There are around a hundred Synonyms; the main alphabetically grouped by country are Doradillo ( Australia ); Calagrano Blanc, Malvasia, Malvoisie Espagnole ( France ); Djiniani ( Morocco ); Boal Carrasquenha, Boal Carrasquenho, Carrasquenho, Mourisco Branco, Mourisco Portalegre, Sarigo ( Portugal ); Amor Blanco, Aujubi, Avesso do Minho, Baladi, Baladi-Verdejo, Balay, Belledy, Blanca Cayetana, Blanco Jaén, Cagazal, Cazagal, Calagraño, Cayetana, Charello, Charelo, Chaselo, Cheres, Cirial, Dedo, Dedro, Farta Gosos, Garillo, Garrida, Garrido, Garrilla, Garrilla, Hoja Vuelta, Jaén Blanco, Jaén Doradillo, Jaén Empinadillo, Jaen Prieto Blanco, Jaenes, Jainas, Jarime, Jean de Castilla, Jean de Letur, Jean de Letur de Maratella, Jean Doradillo, Jean Dore, Jean Prieto, Machuenco, Maizancho, Mariouti, Morisca, Morisco, Mourisco Arsello, Naves, Naves Cazagal, Neruca, Padero, Parda, Pardina, Pirulet, Plateadillo, Robal Tierra de Barros ( Spain ).
The varietal image comes from the work "Ampélographie - Traité général de viticulture" by V. Vermorel and P. Viala, Despite seemingly indicative synonyms or morphological She may not share similarities with the varieties Albillo Mayor. Avesso. Calagraño or Xarello be confused. The origin is probably in the southwest of the peninsula. The variety is one with the Spanish main synonyms Jaén Blanco and Pardina , as well as the Portuguese name Mourisco Branco in the Iberian Peninsula leading variety with great importance. By DNA analysis in 2013, many descendants of probable natural crosses were identified and Parent-offspring relationships detected. Often was as a second parent Alfrocheiro involved:
The late-ripening, high-yielding vine is resistant to drought but prone to real mildew and Botrytis, It produces neutral white wines with moderate acidity and alcohol content, as well as tendency to oxidation, In Spain It is named Cayetana Blanca in the region Extremadura (eg allowed in Ribera del Guadiana ), under the name of Jaén Blanco in the regions Andalusia. La Mancha and Madrid, as well as under the name Pardina in Extremadura. The wines are in great quantity for the distillation used, for example for the Brandy de Jerez, The acreage amounts to a total of 39,593 hectares.
In Portugal is she in the area Alentejo 148 hectares represented. In Australia it was introduced in the 19th century under the name Doradillo and especially in Riverland grown. However, no inventory was recorded here. The variety occupied in 2010 a total of 39,741 hectares of vineyards with a strong downward trend (ten years earlier it was 55.502 hectares). It is thus worldwide varieties ranking on rank 22.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Image: Taninotanino Vinos Smart SL