By far the largest wine-growing region in the US state California which extends over more than 600 kilometers from north to south across more than half of the state. Occasionally she is also called Inland Valleys or Delta & Domestic. To the west, the two regions close Central Coast and North Coast, as well as in the eastern center the region Sierra Foothills at. The huge Central Valley covers a total of 220,000 hectares of vineyards. Of these, 140,000 hectares are planted with wine grapes and 80,000 hectares are used for California's significant production of table grapes and raisins, Likewise, here are the base wines for over 90% of Californian spirits generated. The Central Valley is one of the richest agricultural regions in the world. It is criss-crossed by pastures, orchards, cereal fields and vineyards. The soils are consistently made of fertile, sandy loam. There is a very homogeneous, warm climate before (these are the climatic regions IV and V).
Important red wines are Barbera. Cabernet Sauvignon, Carignan Noir ( mazuelo ) Carnelian. Centurion, Grenache Noir ( Garnacha Tinta ) Merlot, Mourvèdre ( Monastrell ), Petite Sirah ( Durif ) Olmo grapes. Ruby Cabernet and Zinfandel, Important wine grape varieties are Chenin Blanc. Colombard. Muscat Blanc. Sauvignon Blanc and Sémillon, The main variety for table grape and raisin production is Thompson Seedless ( Sultana ).
There is a widespread system for artificial irrigation, Numerous channels built in the 1920s and 1930s with thousands of kilometers in length and rivers from the Sierra Nevada serve this purpose. From here, three-quarters of California's output comes from mostly simple bulk wines, one of which is the popular one White zinfandel, Most companies deliver their grapes to huge wineries like this Almaden Vineyards. Bronco Wine Company. Gallo. Inglenook Winery and Woodbridge, Better quality can be expected from wines that come from one of the small AVA areas. The vast area of the Central Valley consists of the northern part of the Sacramento Valley and the southern part of the San Joaquin Valley.
The Sacramento Valley stretches northward from the town of Lodi to the 4,322 meter high Mount Shasta volcano. In the center lies the Californian capital Sacramento. In the city of Davis is the very important for viticulture field office of the University of California, The Sacramento River is the longest river in California with around 600 kilometers. It flows through the plains of the Sacramento Valley, before finally merging with the San Joaquin River around 50 kilometers south of Sacramento in the delta area and flowing into the Pacific Ocean. In the 19th century huge vineyards were created here, but they have largely disappeared. Viticulture is less important than the San Joaquin Valley. The counties with their AVA areas are Sacramento County ( Lodi ) and Yolo County (Capay Valley, Clarksburg, Dunnigan Hills, Merritt Island).
Also named after the river, the San Joaquin Valley produces most of the wines and grapes. It stretches 480 kilometers in length and at the strongest point to 100 kilometers wide from Stockton in San Joaquin County south to Bakersfield in Kern County. The counties with their AVA areas are Fresno County (Madera); Madera County (Madera); San Joaquin County ( Lodi, River Junction, Tracy Hills); Siskiyou County (Seiad Valley), Stanislaus County (Diablo Grande, Salado Creek). See also below USA,