By far the largest winegrowing region in the US state California which stretches over 600 kilometers from north to south across more than half of the state. In some cases it is also called Inland Valleys or Delta & Inlands. The two regions close to the west Central Coast and North Coast, as well as the region in the eastern center Sierra Foothills on. The huge Central Valley covers a total of 220,000 hectares of vineyards. 140,000 hectares are planted with wine grapes and 80,000 hectares are used for the important production of California table grapes and raisins, Likewise, here base wines for over 90% of California spirits generated. The Central Valley is one of the most productive agricultural regions in the world. It is criss-crossed by pastures, orchards, grain fields and vineyards. The floors consist entirely of fertile, sandy loam. There is a very homogeneous, warm one climate before (these are the climatic regions IV and V).
Important red wine varieties are Barbera. Cabernet Sauvignon, Carignan Noir ( mazuelo ) Carnelian. Centurion, Grenache Noir ( Garnacha Tinta ) Merlot, Mourvèdre ( Monastrell ), Petite Sirah ( Durif ) Olmo grapes. Ruby Cabernet and Zinfandel, Important types of wine are Chenin Blanc. Colombard. Muscat Blanc. Sauvignon Blanc and Sémillon, The main variety for table grape and raisin production is Thompson Seedless ( Sultana ).
There is an extensive system for artificial irrigation, This is served by numerous canals created in the 1920s and 1930s with a length of thousands of kilometers and rivers coming from the Sierra Nevada. Three quarters of California's production volume comes from mostly simple bulk wines, one of which is the popular one White Zinfandel, Most companies supply their grapes to huge wineries such as Almaden Vineyards. Bronco Wine Company. Gallo. Inglenook Winery and Woodbridge, You can expect better quality from wines that come from one of the small AVA areas. The huge area of the Central Valley consists of the northern part of the Sacramento Valley and the southern part of the San Joaquin Valley.
The Sacramento Valley stretches north from the city of Lodi to the 4,322 meter high Mount Shasta volcano. In the center is the Californian capital Sacramento. In the city of Davis is the branch of the University of California, The Sacramento River is the longest river in California at around 600 kilometers. It flows through the plains of the Sacramento Valley before finally merging with the San Joaquin River in the delta area around 50 kilometers south of Sacramento and flowing into the Pacific. Huge vineyards were created here in the 19th century, but they have largely disappeared. Viticulture is less important than the San Joaquin Valley. The counties with their AVA areas are Sacramento County ( Lodi ) and Yolo County (Capay Valley, Clarksburg, Dunnigan Hills, Merritt Island).
The San Joaquin Valley , also named after the river, produces the majority of the wines and grapes. It stretches 480 kilometers in length and at its strongest point up to 100 kilometers wide from Stockton in San Joaquin County south to Bakersfield in Kern County. The counties with their AVA areas are Fresno County (Madera); Madera County (Madera); San Joaquin County ( Lodi, River Junction, Tracy Hills); Siskiyou County (Seiad Valley), Stanislaus County (Diablo Grande, Salado Creek). See also under United States,