French name for the noblest varieties of the world. The use of course does not automatically and in any case produces a top wine, but they are often found in such, either unmixed or as a blending partner in cuvées, There are no measurable criteria that clearly allow an assignment to the "circle of the chosen ones". Even among professionals, the same varieties are not 100% mentioned, but there is a relatively high agreement. An important criterion is the widest possible worldwide distribution in many countries. This means that the vines and the resulting wines their high quality under different climatic Conditions and different Vinification process proved and found highest recognition. Most often called the noblest are the red wines Cabernet Sauvignon. Merlot. Nebbiolo. Pinot Noir and Syrah (Shiraz), as well as the white wine varieties Chardonnay. Chenin Blanc. Riesling. Sauvignon Blanc and Sémillon,
In the opinion of the well-known US wine critic Robert Parker include Grenache Noir, which he believes are underestimated varieties ( Garnacha Tinta ) Cot and Tempranillo to. It should be mentioned that there are a number of times autochthonous There are grape varieties that regularly produce top wines in certain growing areas. Lots wine producing countries can provide examples in this regard. For Austria can here Green Valtellina, for Switzerland Chasselas, for France Cinsault and Tannat, for Italy Barbera and Sangiovese, for Hungary Furmint, for South Africa Pinotage and for California Zinfandel to be named.
Positive characteristics of these varieties are usually small hard-shelled berries and Farbkräftigkeit (for red wines) and the potential for high and high balancedTotal extract values ( sugar. acids. alcohol etc.) and diverse flavorings in the wine made from it. Closely related to this, top products often draw an extreme durability or longevity. The optimal maturity is often only after some time or longer bottle aging (10, 15 and more years) achieved. See the topic circle top wines also under the keywords Auctions. Wine of the century. comet vintages and most expensive wines in the world,
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)