French name for the noblest varieties of the world. Of course, the use does not automatically result in a top wine in any case, but they are often found in such wines, either unmixed or as a cutting partner in cuvées, There are no measurable criteria that clearly allow an assignment to the “circle of the chosen”. Even among experts, the same varieties are not mentioned 100%, but there is a relatively high degree of agreement. An important criterion is a worldwide distribution in many countries. This means that the vines and the wines obtained from them display their high quality among different ones climatic Conditions and various Vinification process proven and have received the highest recognition. The red wine varieties are most often mentioned as the noblest Cabernet Sauvignon. Merlot. Nebbiolo. Pinot Noir and Syrah (Shiraz), as well as the white wines Chardonnay. Chenin Blanc. Riesling. Sauvignon Blanc and Sémillon,
According to the well-known American wine critic Robert Parker the Grenache Noir varieties that he underestimated also count ( Garnacha Tinta ) Cot and Tempranillo to. It should be mentioned that there are a number of times autochthonous There are grape varieties that regularly produce top wines in certain growing areas. Lots wine producing countries can provide examples in this regard. For Austria, here Green Valtellina, for Switzerland Chasselas, for France Cinsault and Tannat, for Italy Barbera and Sangiovese, for Hungary Furmint, for South Africa Pinotage and for California Zinfandel to be named.
The positive characteristics of these varieties are usually small, hard-shelled berries Farbkräftigkeit (with red wine varieties) as well as the potential for high and balancedTotal extract values ( sugar. acids. alcohol etc.) and diverse flavorings in the wine made from it. In close connection with this, top products often draw an extreme one durability or longevity. The optimal one maturity is often only after some time or longer bottle aging (10, 15 and more years). For the topic of top wines, see also under the keywords Auctions. Wine of the century. comet vintages and most expensive wines in the world,
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)