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22.772 Keywords • 48.568 Synonyms • 5.298 Translations • 7.910 Pronunciations • 150.830 Cross-references

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ceramics

Ceramic (GB)

Collective term for all products (majolica, porcelain, stoneware, stoneware), which are made from different clays by burning. The differences of the various products result from the different mix of raw materials (clay, quartz, feldspar, calcite etc.) and above all from the firing temperature. Stoneware is burned at less and stoneware is fired at more than 1,200 ° C; therefore earthenware must be glazed for sufficient density. Vessels made from such materials are the oldest ones used for the production and storage of wine. Examples are already in the antiquity used amphorae or the well-known Georgian Kvevri at the Cachetic method, Today will be for fermentation, Expansion and storage increasingly also used ceramic vessels. The advantages are (as in Glass ) perfect neutrality, that is, there is no reaction with must or wine. Disadvantage is the relative fragility (cracks). See also below wine vessels,

Ceramic vases - Amphora, Crater, Oinochoe, Kantharos

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