The red grape variety comes from Argentina and belongs to the group of so-called Criollas (see the history in detail there). The name means "cherry" and refers to the cherry-colored berries. Synonyms are Ceresa, Cereza Nera, Ceresina, Cerise and Chereza. Last in 2017 DNA analysis it is a presumably natural cross between Muscat d'Alexandrie x Criolla Chica or Mission ( Listán Prieto ). There are also the two varieties Cereza Elipsoidal (with oval berries) and Cereza Italica .
The late-ripening, very productive vine yields simple, light-colored Rosé (For reds, the berries are too light), which is responsible for mass consumption Bag-in-Boxes. Tetra Paks. tube containers and large bottles are bottled. These are often blended with reds, sweetened and with carbonic acid added as an alcoholic soft drink. The variety is also used for the production of RTK (Grape concentrate) table grapes used. It is grown exclusively in Argentina. In 2010, the acreage was 29,189 acres of which ~ 16,500 in Mendoza and ~ 11,500 in San Juan, Compared to 1990 with 42,937 hectares there was a reduction by one third. It occupies it in the worldwide varieties ranking the rank 34.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)