The red grape variety comes from Argentina and belongs to the group of the so-called Criollas (see the history there in detail). The name means "cherry" and refers to the cherry-colored berries. Synonyms are Ceresa, Cereza Nera, Ceresina, Cerise and Chereza. According to last done in 2017 DNA analysis is a presumably natural cross between Muscat d'Alexandrie x Criolla Chica or Mission ( Listán Prieto ). There are also two variants: Cereza Elipsoidal (with oval berries) and Cereza Italica .
The late ripening, very productive vine produces simple, light colored Rosé (the berries are too light for red wines), those for mass consumption in Bag-in-Boxes. Tetra Paks. tube containers and large bottles are filled. These are often blended with red wines, sweetened and with carbonic acid added as a soft drink containing alcohol. The variety is also used for the production of RTK (Grape concentrate) table grapes used. It is only grown in Argentina. In 2010 the acreage was 29,189 hectares including ~ 16,500 in Mendoza and ~ 11,500 in San Juan, Compared to 1990 with 42,937 hectares there was a reduction by one third. It thus proves worldwide varieties ranking rank 34.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)