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The red grape variety comes from Italy, Synonyms are Bonvino Nero, Cesanese Comune, Cesanese di Affile, Cesanese Nostrano, Nero Ferrigno, Sanguinella and Uva di Affile. According to a non-verifiable hypothesis, it is said to be of ancient variety Alveola descended. The variety was created by the Italian agronomist Giovanni Soderini (1526-1596) mentioned under the name Cesenese, which was grown around Florence in Tuscany and in the Lazio region around Acerbi. The name is probably derived from the municipality of Cesano south of Rome. There are two game types Cesanese Comune (Bonvino Nero) and the higher quality, smaller berry Cesanese di Affile . Both names are explicitly stated in some DOC / DOC regulations. The late ripening, productive vine is susceptible to real ones mildew, It produces fruity red wines with velvety tannins and aromas of mulberries and pimento (clove pepper).

The Cesanese variety is in the region Lazio in the DOC / DOCG wines Cerveteri. Cesanese del Piglio. Cesanese di Affile. Cesanese di Olevano Romano. Cori. Romany and Velletri, as well as in the region Umbria in the DOC wines Lake Corbara and Rosso Orvietano authorized. There are only tiny areas in the Tuscany and up Sicily, The total area under cultivation in 2010 was 679 hectares with a strongly declining trend (ten years earlier it was 1,024 hectares).

Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012

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