The red grape variety comes from France or Germany, Synonyms are Céear, Céelar, Célar, César Noir, Gros Monsieur, Gros Noir, Picarniol, Picarniot, Picarniau, Picorneau, Romain, Romano, Ronçain and Römer. In spite of morphological No similarities to the Italian variety Lambrusca di Alessandria be confused. According to legend, they brought Roman legionaries of Julius Caesar (100-44 BC) around 50 BC. BC in the area of the Yonne river in Burgundy, France, where it Celts (Gauls) was grown. However, this origin is extremely uncertain. In Germany (described in 1617) and Austria (described around 1820) a variety called Römer (Black Roman) was represented, but has long disappeared from the vineyards. A similar vine was / is called in Hungary Purcsin (Blue Roman) grown.
After it was done in 2000 DNA analysis the César is probably a natural cross between Pinot x Argant ( argant ). The vine is susceptible to frost and both mildews, It produces color-intensive, tannin-rich and storable red wines, which are usually blended with Pinot Noir. The variety is grown in the Burgundian department of Yonne (appellation irancy ) grown. In 2010 ten hectares of vineyards were shown with a slightly increasing trend. The variety also found there called Roublot with the synonym César Blanc , however, is a cross between Pinot x Gouais Blanc (Heunisch). In Argentina and Chile ( Maipo ) there are also small amounts of a Cesar variety, but their identity is uncertain.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)