The red grape variety comes from France or Germany, Synonyms are Céear, Céelar, Célar, César Noir, Gros Monsieur, Gros Noir, Picarniol, Picarniot, Picarniau, Picorneau, Romain, Romano, Ronçain and Romans. She may despite morphological Similarities do not match the Italian variety Lambrusca di Alessandria be confused. According to a legend, they brought Roman legionaries of Julius Caesar (100-44 BC) to 50 BC. In the area of the river Yonne in the French Burgundy, where they are from the Celts (Gauls) was grown. This origin is extremely uncertain. In Germany (described 1617) and Austria (described around 1820) was a variety called Romans (Black Romans) represented, but has long disappeared from the vineyards. In Hungary, a similar vine was / is called Purcsin (Blue Roman) grown.
After in the year 2000 DNA analysis César is probably a natural cross between Pinot x Argant ( argant ). The vine is vulnerable to frost and both mildews, It produces colorful, rich tannins and storable red wines, which are usually blended with Pinot Noir. The variety is in the Burgundian Département Yonne (Appellation irancy ) grown. In 2010, ten hectares of vineyards were reported with a slight upward trend. The also occurring there variety called Roublot with the synonym César Blanc , however, is a cross between Pinot x Gouais blanc (Heunisch). In Argentina and Chile ( Maipo ) there are also small amounts of a variety Cesar , whose identity is uncertain.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)