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chalice

At the celebration of the Eucharist (Sacrament) used vessel in the form of a chalice to hold the measuring wine, The use of a chalice dates back to the accounts of the last meal of Jesus with his disciples in three of the four Gospels (Mark 14: 12-25; Matthew 26: 17-29; Luke 22: 14-20). In addition to chalices made of less valuable materials such as bronze or wood, gold and silver were also made in antiquity. Since the 9th century, however, precious metals such as silver, brass or copper have been used almost exclusively, which are often decorated with ornaments and Christian symbols. The actual gilded cup (cuppa) and the base of the classic goblet are clearly separated from each other. A knob-like thickening (nodus) is formed as an intermediate piece in order to be able to grip the goblet better.

Paten (Celebration Hostie), Chalice, Goblet (with Hosts) and Velum

During the service, the chalice with additional utensils is set up for use in a ceremonial ceremony (see right picture). The goblet is on the goblet, optionally a spoon on top, with which water is added to the wine if necessary. Then there is the paten, a metal, very flat bowl on which the celebration hostess subsequently consumed by the priest is placed. To cover the palla (piece of linen reinforced with cardboard) is placed, on top of it the corporal, a folded cloth on which the cup and the host bowl are placed. Finally, the goblet is covered with a velum (cloth, cover) to protect it.

In the Roman Catholic church As a rule, the priest, on behalf of all the believers present, takes from the chalice the wine that has become the blood of Christ during the consecration. In the Evangelical Church, the enjoyment of wine by all believers is much more common because one adheres to the schedule of the very first sacrament. At the beginning of the 20th century there was a so-called "chalice movement" with the introduction of single goblets. A specially designed pouring goblet is used to divide the wine into individual goblets made of stainless steel, ceramic, glass or plastic, if the individual goblets are not filled beforehand.

Goblet, Goblet : Picture by James Chan on Pixaba y
Velum: From I, Łukasz Szczurowski , CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link

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