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At the celebration of Eucharist (Last Supper) used vessel in the form of a calyx for receiving the measuring wine, The use of a chalice goes back to the accounts of Jesus' last supper with his disciples in three of the four Gospels (Mark 14: 12-25, Matthew 26: 17-29, Luke 22: 14-20). Already in the antiquity beside goblets out of less valuable materials such as bronze or wood also those from gold and silver were made. However, since the 9th century, almost exclusively precious metals such as silver, brass or copper have been used, often adorned with ornaments and Christian symbols. On the classic goblet the actual gilded cup (Cuppa) and the foot are clearly separated from each other. As an intermediate piece, a knob-like thickening (Nodus) is formed in order to better grip the goblet.

Godfather (Celebration Host), Chalice, Chalice (with hosts) and Velum

During the service, the chalice with additional utensils is built for use in a solemn ceremony (see right picture). On the goblet lies the sepals, optionally a spoon, with which, if necessary, water is added to the wine. Then follows the godfather, a metal, very shallow dish, on which the celebration hostile consumed by the priest is placed. To cover it, place the palla (piece of linen reinforced with cardboard) on top of which is the corporal, a folded cloth on which the goblet and the host bowl are placed. Finally, to protect the chalice with a velum (cloth, shell) is covered.

In the Roman Catholic church As a rule, the priest, on behalf of all the faithful present in the chalice, consumes the wine of Mass, which at the time of the consecration became the blood of Christ. In the Protestant Church, the enjoyment of the wine by all believers is far more common, because one adheres to the process of the first communion. At the beginning of the 20th century, the so-called "chalice movement" with the introduction of single goblets occurred. To distribute the wine in single cups made of stainless steel, ceramic, glass or plastic is a specially designed Gießkelch, if you do not fill the single cups before.

Chalice, dining cup: Image by James Chan on Pixaba y
Velum: From I, Lukasz Szczurowski , CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link

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