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Charlemagne (GB)

After the death of Pippin III. the short (714-768) shared his sons Karlmann (751-771) and Karl (742-814) the throne. After the early death of his brother, Karl became the sole ruler of the Frankish Empire in 771. In numerous struggles, he extended his empire as the largest since the Roman Empire over today's France. Belgium. Germany. Austria and the Switzerland and laid the foundation stone for a Christian West. At Christmas of 800 he let Pope Leo III. (750-816) crowned Roman emperor in Rome. In addition to trade, trade and agriculture, he promoted cultural development and the sciences and also created a comprehensive, legal order with, among other things wine law Matters. In addition, he promoted viticulture through numerous laws and gifts from vineyards, of which numerous documents testify mostly at monasteries or orders in well over 50 places.

Equestrian statue of Charlemagne in the Louvre / Capitulare de villis / Charlemagne by A. Dürer

In the "Capitulare de villis vel curtis imperii Caroli Magni" (country estate ordinance on the administration of crown estates), which he issued and recorded in 812, three fields are cultivated, fruit cultivation, the breeding of cattle and the viniculture regulated. It contains strict regulations regarding hygiene in the winemaking with the ban that grapes with your feet too stamp or to store the wines in animal skins, as well as instructions for the use of barrels with iron rings and that each vine has three to four "coronas de racemis" (irons or Bogreben ) should have. Furthermore, he allegedly granted the winemakers the right to serve their own wine and to indicate this through a green bouquet (bush) over the front door. In many sources, this is considered the "hour of birth" of the Buschenschank, However, this fact is not mentioned in the Capitulare itself or in other original sources and is therefore unsecured.

The dense forests in the Rhine plain were cleared at Karl's direction and with vines out Hungary. Italy. Spain, Lorraine and the Champagne planted. The selection quality full varieties paid great attention by the "good Frankish Varieties ”from the“ bad Hun varieties ”. Whether the "Hunish" already applied to the Heunisch grape variety ( Gouais Blanc ) is rather doubtful, but not impossible. The emperor also supposedly influenced the best vineyard locations. He watched him on a boat trip on the Rhine to his Palatinate in Ingelheim ( Rheinhessen ) that on the slopes of the Rudesheimer Berges the snow melted first and then ordered to plant a vineyard and vines Orleans to plant. It may have been the revived grape variety. However, it is not certain which location it actually was, because the famous Rheingau locations Steinberg and Johannisberg emerged much later.

A similar story is told about the Corton mountain in the Burgundy told, which he also recognized as a good location. In 775 he donated the upper part of the slope to Saulieu Abbey, which named the white wine Corton-Charlemagne made there in his honor. That is his name in the community Aloxe-Corton even today. Charlemagne was a moderate drinker and loathed drunkenness. He remarked: "Only those who love moderation are true friends of wine" . He is said to have drunk no more than three times over the table, that is, no more than three trophies, at public banquets. Supposedly, he especially loved that muscatel, To his favorite wines counted the red wine Cornas on the middle Rhône. Apparently he preferred to drink in old age White wine, there red wine undesirably colored his white beard. The ruler named the twelve months of the year in his mother tongue and gave October the name "Windume Manoth" (month of vintage ). During his time, the production of beer on a larger scale.

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