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Chasselas

The origin of the white vine is unclear; one of the hypotheses comes from Switzerland. Around 250 Synonyms (60 of them with Chassela's name) testify to their old age and worldwide distribution. The main alphabetically grouped by country are Queen Victoria White, Sweetwater White ( Australia ); Fine wine, bassiraube, Frauentraub, Gutedel, Krachgutedel, Markgräfler, Schönedel, Silberling, Süßling, Viviser, Weißer Gutedel, Weißer Krachgutedel ( Germany ); Queen Victoria White ( England ); Bar-sur-Aube, Bon Blanc, Chasselas Blanchette, Chasselas Blanc Royal, Chasselas Croquant, Chasselas de Barde Montauban, Chasselas de Thomery, Chasselas Musqué, Lausannois, Mornant Blanc, Mornen Blanc, Pinzutella, Raisin d'Officier, Rougeasse, Royal Muscadine , Valais Blanc ( France ); Chasselas Bianco, Chasselas Dorato, Lacrima Christi Rose ( Italy ); Plemenka, Plemenka Bijela, Praskava ( Croatia ); Gutedel, Junker, Moster ( Austria ); Sasla ( Romania ); Blanchette, Bois Rouge, Chasselas Blanc, Chasselas Croquant, Chasselas Doré, Chasselas Fendant, Chasselas Giclet, Chasselas Jaune Cire, Chasselas Plant Droit, Chasselat, Dorin, Fendant, Fendant Blanc, Perlan, Wälsche ( Switzerland ); Chrupka, Chrupka Biela, Chrupka Červená, Chrupka Fialová, Chrupka Petržlenová, Chrupka Muškátová, Chrupka Ružová, Chrupka Ušľachtilá ( Slovakia ); Bela Žlahtnina, Rdeča Žlahtnina ( Slovenia ); Chasselas Dorada, Elba Toro, Franceseta, Temprana Agostena, Temprana Tardía, Tempranillo de Nav, Temprano ( Spain ); Chrupka, Chrupka Bílá, Chrupka Červená, Chrupka Petrželová ( Czech Republic ); Shasla Belaya ( Ukraine ); Chasselas Piros, Fabianszölö, Fehér Chasselas, Fehér Fabianszölö, Saszla ( Hungary ); Amber Chasselas, Chasselas Doré, Golden Bordeaux ( United States ).

Chasselas - grape and leaf

Despite apparently suggesting synonyms or morphological No similarities with the varieties Albillo Mayor. Barbarossa. Admirable de Courtiller (Chasselas de Courtiller), Chasselas de Pondichery. Fayoumi. Madeleine Royale. Marzemina Bianca. Palomino (Golden Chasselas), Priknadi or Žlahtina be confused. According to 2009 DNA analysis there is one Parent-offspring relationship with the variety Mornen Noir, It is the parent of the varieties that are believed to be natural crosses Bronner grape. Plant de Sechex. Plant de Vincelles and Sainte Marie, The varieties Chasselas Cioutat ( slotted Gutedel, parsley gutedel ), Chasselas Rose Royal , Chasselas Rouge (Red Gutedel) and Chasselas Violet (Königsgutedel) are color and / or somatic, and Chasselas Musque (Muscatel Gutedel) are tasty mutation,

Chasselas - Chasselas Cioutat, Chasselas Rose Royal, Chasselas Rouge, Chasselas Musque

Chasselas is one of the oldest cultivated grape varieties. The vine is considered in the European gene pool leading variety, It was a crossing partner of the new varieties Angelo Pirovano. Autuchon. Baco Chasselas. Black Prince. Blanc d'Ambre. Challenge. Charmont. Danlas. Doral. Ferdinand de Lesseps. good Borner. Gutknipperlé. Hecker. Hector. Ithaca. Johanniter. Jo Rizling. Kossuth Ferenc. Lindley. Mathiasz Janosne. Megrabuir. Menoir. Millenium grape. Muscat Ottonel. Narancsizü. Nobling. Rabaner. Revolta. Rouge de Diolly. Schönburger and triumph,

According to a hypothesis, an ancestor was already in the Jordan Valley in 6,000 BC in today's Israel and Jordan cultivated and was in 5,000 years ago Egypt known. They even want to be recognized in murals in the royal tombs near Luxor, but of course there is no evidence of this. Also the ampelograph Adrien Berget assumed an Egyptian origin. An old vine called "Chasselas" allegedly grew in the garden of the Coptic high school in Cairo. It came from the oasis of Fayoum, where Greek colonists are said to have introduced viticulture in the time of Alexander the Great (356-323 BC). Today there is a city in the center of the same name Fayoum Basin, According to a further hypothesis, the variety is said to match that of Pliny the Elder (23-79) mentioned Aminea be identical or at least a descendant.

The Swiss biologist Dr. José Vouillamoz led in 2009 with his colleague Dr. Claire Arnold from the University of Neuchâtel extensive DNA analysis through and came to a completely different result. In his opinion, the variety does not come from the Orient, but from the Swiss canton Vaud on Lake Geneva. There are many varieties of the vine here. He relies on the Russian botanist Nikolai I. Vavilov (1887-1943), for which this is a very important indicator for the determination of an origin.

The German botanist Hieronymus buck (1498-1554) mentions in his "Kreütter Buch" in the edition of 1539 the names Kleinfränkische, Großfränkische, Edel and Lautterdraub. There is a historical background to the Baden name "Gutedel". Margrave Ludwig Wilhelm I of Baden (1677-1707) had been friends with the Savoy Prince Prince Eugen (1663-1736), who served the Habsburg Empire, since the Turkish Wars. During his visits to Savoy, the wine-loving margrave is said to have particularly appreciated the lively, palatable white wine of the prince, which was pressed by the Chasselas vine and is still called Fendant there. Prince Eugene sent Chasselas seedlings to Baden, which the margrave had planted in his margraviate. The white wine was perceived as "good" and "noble", which ultimately gave the name.

The Swiss name “Fendant” (split) is derived from the fact that the berries do not burst due to the unusually hard shells, but split when you squeeze them between your index finger and thumb. The botanist Johannes used the name for the first time Bauhin (1541-1613) in his work "Historia Plantarum Universalis", published posthumously in 1650. The French name "Chasselas" was first mentioned in 1654 by Nicolas de Bonnefons (servant of King Louis XIV ) mentioned in his cookbook "Les délices de la campagne". The name is most likely derived from the municipality of Chasselas near Mâcon in Burgundy, from where the vine probably spread in France (but therefore does not have to come from there).

The early ripening, productive vine is susceptible to various vine diseases. These are millerandage (Millerandage) chlorosis. Esca and Black spots disease (Phomopsis). It produces low-acid and low-alcohol, yellow-green wines with an almond aroma, which are generally enjoyed young. Especially in the Switzerland but are also very good qualities under the origin protected name Fendant vinified. In 2010, around 4,013 hectares occupied around a third of the area under vines. The German Grand Duke Karl-Friedrich got to know the vine in Vevey (Switzerland) and brought it to in 1780 to bathe, In this growing area it is still mainly represented and occupied in Germany a total of 1,101 hectares. In Austria no stocks were recorded.

There is more acreage in Europe in France (2,450 ha), Italy (34 ha), Croatia (21 ha), Portugal (76 ha), Russia (21 ha), Serbia (3,450 ha), Spain (20 ha) and Hungary (1,892 ha). There are acreages in overseas Brazil (3 ha), Chile (88 ha), Canada (5 ha) and New Zealand (2 ha). The variety occupied a total of 13,214 hectares of vineyards in 2010 (with the in the statistics of Kym Anderson under the name Chasselas Rouge 95 ha). It lies in the worldwide varieties ranking at rank 55.

Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)

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