French name for a winery. However, it does not necessarily have to be a “castle” or even a “castle-like building”. The use is therefore not tied to the fact that a lock is also available; it is not uncommon for there to be none. However, some, especially historical wineries actually have magnificent buildings that truly deserve this name. Count among the most attractive Château Beychevelle (Saint-Julien), Château Chasse-Spleen (Moulis), Château d'Issan (Margaux), Chateau Margaux (Margaux) and Château Pichon-Longueville Baron (Pauillac). More like a castle Château Rauzan-Ségla (Margaux) and Château d'Yquem (Sauternes). There are over 4,000 châteaux in France, but the term is mainly in the Bordeaux in use. According to another explanation, "Château" is not derived from the French word for "castle", but from "Chai" (Chaisteau) for "barrel cellar". The correct name would be "Chaisteau".
Especially in the area Médoc the term Château has a very special weight. There it is, so to speak, a trademark that, at least among the 61 wineries classified in 1855, means the importance of having its own Appellation almost equal (see under Bordeaux classification ). Better quality is often assumed if the name "Château" appears in the wine name, even though it has no significance under wine law. This is partly exploited in an inflationary way by Winegrowers' cooperatives also use it to name wines of simple quality. Correspondingly, Château in Burgundy corresponds to the Domain, in the German-speaking area lock, in Portugal the Palacio and in the English-speaking New World like California or Australia Estate.
Of course, there are also wineries with castle-like buildings in many other countries. A very nice example is the Robert winery Because in the German growing region Rheingau. The main house in the Kiedrich municipality is the former villa of the noble English art patron Sir John Sutton (1820-1873):