French name for a winery. But it does not necessarily have to be a "castle" or even a "castle-like building". The use is therefore not tied to whether a lock is available, not so rare there is none. However, individual, especially historic wineries actually have magnificent buildings that truly deserve this name. Among the most attractive are Château Beychevelle (Saint-Julien) Château Chasse-Spleen (Moulis) Château d'Issan (Margaux) Château Margaux (Margaux) and Château Pichon-Longueville Baron (Pauillac). Rather like a castle are similar Château Rauzan-Ségla (Margaux) and Château d'Yquem (Sauternes). There are more than 4,000 châteaux in France, but the term is above all in the Bordeaux common. According to another explanation, "Château" is derived not from the French word for "lock", but from "Chai" (Chaisteau) for "barrel cellar". The correct name would therefore be "Chaisteau".
Especially in the field Médoc The term Château has a very special emphasis. There it is, so to speak, a trademark that, at least for the 61 wineries classified in 1855, has the significance of its own appellation almost equal (see below Bordeaux Classification ). Often a better quality is assumed if the wine name "Château" occurs, although it has no legal meaning. This is partially exploited by inflation Winzergenossenschaften so also call wines of simple quality with it. Corresponds to Château in Burgundy the Domaine, in German-speaking countries lock, in Portugal the Palacio and in the English-speaking New World like California or Australia Estate,
Of course, there are also wineries with castle-like buildings in many other countries. A very nice example is the winery Robert Because in the German growing area Rheingau, The ancestral home in the town of Kiedrich is the former villa of the noble English patron Sir John Sutton (1820-1873):