The winery is located in the municipality Saint-Estèphe
or the area of the same name in the Médoc
(Bordeaux). In the 12th century, it was given to the Bishop of Portiers, Monseigneur de Calon, as a gift. Here was once the center of the Roman settlement of Calone, which later became Saint-Estephe. Until the 18th century, the place still had the addition of Saint-Estèphe-de-Calon. In the 18th century, the estate came by marriage in the possession of the famous Marquis Alexandre de ségur
(1697-1755). This also included the predecessors of Château Lafite-Rothschild
. Château Mouton-Rothschild
and Château Latour
but his favorite was Calon. He documented this by the traditional saying: "I produce wine on Lafite and Latour, but my heart is in Calon". A heart symbol on the bottle label is still reminiscent of this story today.
Today the estate is owned by the two families Capbern-Gasqueton and Peyrelongue. The Capbern-Gasqueton family also owns this Château Capbern-Gasqueton
, In the Bordeaux Classification
in 1855 it received the third rank (Troisième Cru Classé). For many years, the label "Premier Cru de St-Estèphe" was misleading due to the "only" third grade, until other producers protested successfully. The mostly stone-walled vineyards with 60 hectares are planted with Cabernet Sauvignon (45%), Merlot (35%), Cabernet Franc (10%) and Petit Verdot (5%). The extremely long-lived red wine is aged for 18 months in 50% new oak barrels. The second wine is called "Château Marquis de Calon".