The winery is located in the municipality Saint-Estèphe
or the same area in Médoc
(Bordeaux). It was given to the Bishop of Portiers, Monseigneur de Calon, as a gift in the 12th century. This was once the center of the Roman settlement of Calones, which later became Saint-Estèphe. Up until the 18th century, the place was still Saint-Estèphe-de-Calon. In the 18th century the estate came into the possession of the famous Marquis Alexandre de ségur
(1697-1755). This also belonged to the predecessors of Château Lafite-Rothschild
. Château Mouton-Rothschild
and Château Latour
, but his favorite was Calon. He documented this through the traditional saying: "I produce wine on Lafite and Latour, but my heart is in Calon". A heart symbol on the bottle label still reminds us of this story.
Today the estate is owned by the two families Capbern-Gasqueton and Peyrelongue. The Capbern-Gasqueton family also owns this Château Capbern-Gasqueton
, In the Bordeaux Classification
in 1855 it received third place (Troisième Cru Classé). For many years, the label "Premier Cru de St-Estèphe", which was misleading because of the "only" third rank, was included until other producers successfully protested against it. The vineyards with 60 hectares of vineyards, largely surrounded by stone walls, are planted with Cabernet Sauvignon (45%), Merlot (35%), Cabernet Franc (10%) and Petit Verdot (5%). The extremely long-lived red wine is aged for 18 months in 50% new barriques. The second wine is called "Château Marquis de Calon".