The red grape variety comes from France. Synonyms grouped alphabetically by country are Carbesse, Chanu, Chany, Chenu, Charagnot, Charamiot, Chatelos, Chatelus, Chatos, Châtut, Corbeil, Corbel, Corbel Maure, Corbel Mouret, Corbell, Corbelle, Corbès, Corbesse, Cornaglietta, Houron, Korbel, Mouraud, Mouret, Mourre, Noir de Maure, Ouron, Persagne Gamay, Siramuse, Syramhuse, Vert Chenu ( France ); Bolgnino, Bourgnin, Brachet, Brunetta, Nebbiolo di Dronero, Nebbiolo Dronero, Nebbiolo Pairolè, Neiret, Neiret Pinerolese, Neretto, Scarlattin ( Italy ).
Despite apparently suggesting synonyms or morphological No similarities with the varieties Nebbiolo or Neret di Saint-Vincent be confused. According to DNA analysis there is one Parent-offspring relationship with the variety Pougnet, The two varieties Chatus Noir de Maure and Chatus Rouge are mutations by Chatus. The variety Sérénèze de Voreppe is a cross between Gouais Blanc x Chatus. Chatus was a popular crossbreeding partner of the breeder Giovanni under the name Nebbiolo di Dronero Dalmasso (1886-1974) at Alba Rossa. Cornarea. Nebbiera. Passau. San Martino (1), San Michele. soperga and Valentino Nero,
The medium to late ripening vine is susceptible to both mildews and against wintry frost, It produces a deep dark, tannin-rich red wine with storage potential. The variety was first described in 1600 by the French named Olivier de Serres (1539-1619) as the "father of agronomy". The name is probably derived from Chatus, a district of Verclause in the department Drôme from. Before the Phylloxera disaster it was widespread around the French Massif Central, but then experienced a sharp reduction.
The variety, which was already threatened with extinction, was revived in the late 1990s. In the department Ardèche It now occupies 66 hectares with a rising trend. There is mostly with Syrah blended. In Italy will she be in Piedmont Cultivated under the names mentioned above and mostly used in the blend. It is there in the DOC wines Colline Saluzzesi. Pinerolese and Valsusa authorized. The Italian acreage is 13 hectares. In 2013 a total of 79 hectares of vineyards were shown (Kym Anderson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)