The white grape comes from France. There are over 80 Synonyms that testify to old age and widespread use. The main alphabetically grouped by country are Anjou, Blanc d'Aunis, Blanc Emery, Bon Blanc, Capbreton Blanc, Chenin Bijeli, Cugnette, Cruchinet, Franc Blanc, Gamay Blanc, Gros Chenin, Gros Pineau, Pineau Blanc, Pineau d'Anjou, Pineau de Briollay, Pineu de la Loire, Pineau de Savennières, Pineau de Vouvray, Pinot de la Loire, Pinot Gros de Vouvray, Plant d'Anjou, Plant de Breze, Que Fort, Ronchalin, Rouchalin, Rouchelin, Rouchelein, Rougelin ( France ); Chenin Bijeli ( Croatia ); Chenin Beli ( Slovenia ); Agudelo, Agudillo ( Spain ); Steen, Vaalblaar Stein ( South Africa ); Fehér Chenin ( Hungary ); White Pinot ( United States ). Despite apparently suggesting synonyms or morphological No similarities with the varieties Albillo Real or Verdelho be confused.
It is not a color mutation of the red variety Pineau d'Aunis (Chenin Noir). According to carried out in 2013 DNA analysis it comes from a presumably natural crossing Savagnin ( Traminer ) x unknown partner. It was also found that the varieties Balzac Blanc. Colombard and Meslier Saint-François from also natural crossings Gouais Blanc x Chenin Blanc were created. Chenin Blanc was also a crossing partner of the new varieties Chenel. Therona Riesling and Weldra,
It is said that it was mentioned as early as the 9th century, but this cannot be proven. The first mention under the name Plant d'Anjou came in 1496 when Thomas Bohier bought vineyards from the Château Chenonceau in Indre-et-Loire, which were planted with them, among other things. The later name Chenin Blanc was given to the monastery of Mont-Chenin at Cormery, from where they are located in the area Touraine spread. Under this name, Franciscan monk François Rabelais (1495–1553) mentioned it in 1534 in his work “Gargantua and Pantagruel” and the wine was described as a “gentil vin blanc” with healing properties.
The medium-ripening vine is very susceptible to Botrytis, Real mildew and wood diseases. It produces acidic white wines with aromas of honey and apples, which are suitable for sparkling wine production and distillation suitable. Because of the susceptibility to botrytis, she is also happy for noble sweet Wines used. With appropriate yield restrictions and expansion, it can also produce very good qualities with aging potential and is one of the wider circle of the world's best grape varieties, the so-called Cépages nobles, In the New world Because of the tasty berries, it is also popular as a table grape used.
In France 9,825 hectares of vineyards are thus showing a downward trend; At the end of the 1950s it was ~ 16,500 hectares. The largest areas are in the departments of Maine-et-Loire around Angers (~ 5,000 ha) and Indre-et-Lore around Tours (~ 3,000 ha). Here is the variety in the Loire -Appellationen Anjou. Bonnezeaux. Crémant de Loire. Quarts de Chaume. Saumur. Savennières. Touraine and Vouvray authorized. Other European growing countries are Italy (45 ha), Switzerland (6 ha), Spain (100 ha) and Hungary (6 ha).
In South Africa it was founded in 1655 by the governor and viticulture pioneer Jan van Riebeeck (1619-1677) and became extremely popular. There it is the most common variety under the name Steen with 18,515 hectares. The largest quantities are in the areas Paarl. Malmesbury and Olifants River, The variety that is particularly suitable for South African conditions is the basis for distillates and high-quality white wines.
Other overseas stocks exist in Argentina especially Mendoza (2,462 ha), Australia (541 ha), Brazil (18 ha), Chile (57 ha), China (10 ha), India. Canada (7 ha), Mexico (275 ha), Myanmar (1 ha), New Zealand (50 ha), Thailand (13 ha), Peru (2 ha) and Uruguay (7 ha), as well as in the US states California (2,923 ha in 2010), new York. Texas and Washington, In 2010, the variety occupied a total of 35,164 hectares of vineyards with a downward trend (ten years earlier it was 45,806 hectares). It documents worldwide varieties ranking rank 26.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)