The white grape variety comes from France. There are over 80 Synonyms that testify to old age and wide distribution. The main alphabetically grouped by country are Anjou, Blanc d'Aunis, Blanc Emery, Bon Blanc, Capbreton Blanc, Chenin Bijeli, Cugnette, Cruchinet, Franc Blanc, Gamay Blanc, Gros Chenin, Gros Pineau, Pineau Blanc, Pineau d'Anjou, Pineau de Briollay, Pineu de la Loire, Pineau de Savennières, Pineau de Vouvray, Pinot de la Loire, Pinot Gros de Vouvray, Plant d'Anjou, Breze Plant, Que Fort, Ronchalin, Rouchalin, Rouchelin, Rouchelein, Rougelin ( France ); Chenin Bijeli ( Croatia ); Chenin Beli ( Slovenia ); Agudelo, Agudillo ( Spain ); Steen, Vaalblaar Stein ( South Africa ); Fehér Chenin ( Hungary ); White Pinot ( United States ). It may, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological Similarities do not match the varieties Albillo Real or Verdelho be confused.
It is not a color mutation the red variety Pineau d'Aunis (Chenin Noir). According to carried out in 2013 DNA analysis it comes from a presumably natural crossing Savagnin ( Traminer ) x unknown partner. It was also found that the varieties Balzac Blanc. Colombard and Meslier Saint-François from also natural crosses Gouais blanc x Chenin Blanc have arisen. Chenin Blanc was also crossing partner of the new breeds Chenel. Therona Riesling and Weldra,
It was allegedly mentioned in the 9th century, but this can not be proven. The first mention under the name Plant d'Anjou took place in 1496, when Thomas Bohier bought vineyards from the Château Chenonceau in Indre-et-Loire, which were among other things planted with it. The later name Chenin Blanc was assigned to the Monastery of Mont-Chenin at Cormery, from where they are located in the area Touraine spread. Under this name, it was also mentioned by the Franciscan monk François Rabelais (1495-1553) in 1534 in his work "Gargantua and Pantagruel" and called the wine as "gentil vin blanc" with healing effects.
The medium-maturing vine is very susceptible to Botrytis, Real mildew and wood diseases. It produces acidic white wines with aromas of honey and apples, suitable for sparkling wine production and distillation suitable. Due to the Botrytisanfälligkeit she is also happy for noble sweet Wines used. With appropriate yield restriction and expansion, it can also provide very good qualities with aging potential and is one of the extended circle of the world's best grape varieties, the so-called Cépages noble, In the New world Because of the tasty berries, it is also known as table grape used.
In France are thus occupied 9,825 hectares of vineyards with declining trend; By the end of the 1950s, it had been ~ 16,500 hectares. The largest areas are in the départements of Maine-et-Loire around Angers (~ 5,000 ha) and Indre-et-Lore around Tours (~ 3,000 ha). Here is the variety in the Loire -Appellationen Anjou. Bonnezeaux. Crémant de Loire. Quarts de Chaume. Saumur. Savennières. Touraine and Vouvray authorized. Other European countries are Italy (45 ha), Switzerland (6 ha), Spain (100 ha) and Hungary (6 ha).
In South Africa It was founded in 1655 by the governor and viticultural pioneer Jan van Riebeeck (1619-1677) and became immensely popular. There she is under the name Steen with 18,515 hectares the most common variety. The largest quantities are in the areas Paarl. Malmesbury and Olifant's River, The particularly suitable variety for South African conditions is the basis for distillates and high-quality white wines.
There are more stocks overseas in Argentina especially Mendoza (2,462 ha), Australia (541 ha), Brazil (18 ha), Chile (57 ha), China (10 ha), India. Canada (7 ha), Mexico (275 ha), Myanmar (1 ha), New Zealand (50 ha), Thailand (13 ha), Peru (2 ha) and Uruguay (7 ha), as well as in the US states California (2,923 ha in 2010), new York. Texas and Washington, The variety occupied in 2010 a total of 35,164 hectares of vineyards with decreasing tendency (ten years earlier, there were 45,806 hectares). It occupies the worldwide varieties ranking the rank 26th
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)