With 842 km² the fifth largest island Greece (Khios, Xios) in the eastern Aegean, which is off the coast of Anatolia. It has been inhabited for over 5,000 years. Around 700 BC BC became Chios naval power and center of culture and trade. During this heyday, the inhabitants were among the richest in the Aegean Sea. In the antiquity the island was considered the " Bordeaux of Greek wines ”. According to Greek mythology, King Oinopion (the “wine-sighted”), the son of the wine god, founded it there Dionysos and Ariadne, viticulture. The famous poet died here Homer (8th century BC). In addition to olive oil and wine, Chios is best known today for its mastic production (tree resin). There is viticulture, but none as POP classified area.