In many religions plays Wine an important and liturgical role in worship. He has been used since time immemorial as a godly offering and understood as a medium to connect with God or the gods in mystical connection. Many peoples had their own wine gods, for example the Bacchus with the Romans and the Dionysos with the Greeks. Also in the Bible There are numerous quotes on the topic of wine in many places. A central belief of the Roman Catholic Church is the conversion of bread and wine into Christ's flesh and blood as part of the Eucharist, The preparation of altar wine was therefore from the beginning indispensable for the performance of the fair and a significant motivation.
Many monasteries have therefore the viticulture and the winemaking Dedicated professionally. Many still existing vineyards have their origins in monastery foundations of the early Middle Ages. This is especially the order of the Benedictine. Carthusians and Cistercian operated on a large scale and thus significantly influenced the European viticulture. Also in the missionary in the countries of New world this was the case, because mostly after arrival in new areas, the vines were planted and wine produced. Here it was the Order of the Franciscans in California and Mexico and the Jesuits in Peru, Likewise, monastic orders have crucial to the cultivation of beer production contributed; including the Paulaner (Paulanerbräu).
Already in the early Middle Ages, well-known representatives of the churches repeatedly and mainly for moral reasons in speech and writing against excessive consumption of alcohol and degenerate customs of the drinking culture used. Especially the widespread custom of the so-called Zutrinkens denounced. Among others, these were the reformer Martin Luther (1483-1546), the priest and wine author Johann quickly (1540-1612) and the preacher Abraham a Sancta Clara (1644-1709). The existing in many countries alcohol bans or. prohibitive Laws were often religiously motivated. This applies especially to Islam.
Under significant influence of Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821) it comes from the year 1803 in Central Europe to extensive expropriation and secularization (Verweltlichung) of wineries owned vineyards and vineyards. Spiritual principalities, imperial abbeys, counties, knighthoods and sometimes aich religious orders were dissolved, looted churches and monasteries, nuns and monks expelled, and expropriated the noble and spiritual property and auctioned to new owners. Although this caused a serious setback in viticulture in the medium term, it was the birth of many wineries.