The Roman politician, orator, writer and philosopher Marcus Tullius Cicero (106-43 BC) studied rhetoric, jurisprudence and philosophy. He acquired extensive knowledge of Greek and Roman literature and history. Soon he became a famous speaker and lawyer. His works are considered as a pattern of a completed "golden" Latinity, the name for the literary epoch of the period of about 60 BC. To 40 AD, in which Roman poetry and prose reached their highest content in terms of content and language as well as formally (other representatives were Julius Caesar, Horace and Virgil ). Among other things, has become Tacitus (55-120) based on his style. For the suppression of the conspiracy of Catiline (108-62 BC) and thus provisional salvation of the Republic he was honored by the Senate with the title "Father patriae" (Father of the Fatherland).
He could not prevail against the triumvirate of Pompey, Julius Caesar and Crassus, which he had fiercely fought in the Senate, and withdrew to literary creation. His most important works in this regard are "About the State", "About the Speaker" and "About the Laws". After the assassination of Julius Caesar (44 BC), he returned to the head of the Senate, turned against Marcus Antonius (82-30 BCE) with the famous "Phlippische speeches" and was finally murdered on his behalf , In his works he also deals with the topic Wine; see under the wines Bianco Capena. Falernian and Minervois,