The Roman politician, speaker, writer and philosopher Marcus Tullius Cicero (106-43 BC) studied rhetoric, jurisprudence and philosophy. He acquired extensive knowledge of Greek and Roman literature and history. He soon became a famous speaker and lawyer. His works are considered a model of a perfect "golden" Latinity, the name for the literary epoch of the period from about 60 BC. AD to 40 AD, in which Roman poetry and prose reached the highest perfection in terms of content, language and form (other representatives were Julius Caesar, Horace and Virgil ). Among other things, has Tacitus (55-120) based on his style. He was honored by the Senate with the title "pater patriae" (father of the fatherland) for suppressing the conspiracy of the Catilina (108-62 BC) and thereby temporarily saving the republic.
He was unable to assert himself against the triumvirate of Pompejus, Julius Caesar and Crassus, which he fiercely opposed in the Senate, and retired from his literary work. His most important works in this regard are "About the State", "About the Speaker" and "About the Laws". After the murder of Julius Caesar (44 BC), he came back to the top of the Senate, turned against Marcus Antonius (82-30 BC) with the famous “Phlippische Speechen” and was finally murdered on his behalf , In his works he also deals with the topic Wine; see under the wines Bianco Capena. Falernian and Minervois,