The Hebrews and Phoenicians drank sour, more vinegar-like apple cider from pressed apples, which they (also in the Bible mentioned) Shekar, the Greeks called their Sikera. The Romans not only distributed individual apple varieties, but also cider in Europe. Especially the French one Cidre from Normandy can look back on a long tradition. In Germany, cider is very popular regionally, for example in Frankfurt as "Äppelwoi" or "Ebbelwoi". He has one alcohol content between 5.5 to 6.5% vol.
Complete lists of the numerous vinification measures or cellar techniques, as well as the various types of wine, sparkling wine and distillate regulated by wine law are under the keyword winemaking contain. There is extensive wine law information under the keyword wine law,