The red grape variety comes from Italy, Synonyms are Albana Nera, Aleatico di Spagna, Brunellone, Canaiolo Romano, Ciliegino, Ciliegiolo di Spagna, Ciliegiolo Nero, Ciliegiona Nera, Ciliegioulo Nero, Ciliegiulo, Ciliegiuolo, Ciligiolo Nero, Criminese, Mazzèse, Riminese, Riminese ad Uva Rossa, Riminese di Color di Potercole, Riminese Noire, Sangiovese Polveroso and Sangiovese Polveroso Bonechi. The variety was first introduced towards the end of the 16th century by the Italian agronomist Giovanni Soderini (1526-1596) as Ciriegiuolo Dolce in the Tuscany mentioned. The (and so far unproven relations with Spanish varieties) also refutes the hypothesis that the variety was circa 1870 by Santiago de Compostela pilgrims Spain should have been introduced. According to another hypothesis, it is already said by the Etruscans out Wild vines have been selected.
It may, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological Similarities do not match the varieties Aglianico. Aglianicone. Aleatico. Doux d'Henry. Mazzese or Sangiovese be confused. According to 2004 occurred DNA analysis Sangiovese is said to be a cross of Ciliegiolo x Calabrese di Montenuovo come from (Sangiovese is offspring). This contradicts however DNA analyzes from 2013, which for Ciliegiolo a parenting Moscato Violetto ( Muscat Rouge de Madère x Sangiovese (Sangiovese is a parent).
The early to mid-seasoning vine is prone to Botrytis, as well as moderately prone to both mildews and bunch rot, The name (Ciliegia = cherry, ciliegiolo = small cherry) derives from the cherry-like taste and color. It produces full-bodied, spicy red wines with aromas of cherries and strawberries. Mostly it serves as a blend, but it will be unmixed expanded.
The variety is mainly in the Tuscany, but is also in the regions Abruzzo. aosta Valley. Apulia. Basilicata. Emilia-Romagna. Campania. Liguria. Molise. Sicily and Umbria widespread. She is in the DOCG reds Chianti. Chianti Classico and Torgiano Rosso Riserva, as well as many DOC red wines like Amelia. Colli Maceratesi. Golfo del Tigullio-Portofino. Monte Carlo. Rosso Orvietano and Valdarno di Sopra authorized. The acreage in 2010 was 1,830 hectares, with a steep decline (2,527 hectares in 2000).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)