The red grape variety comes from Italy, Synonyms are Albana Nera, Aleatico di Spagna, Brunellone, Canaiolo Romano, Ciliegino, Ciliegiolo di Spagna, Ciliegiolo Nero, Ciliegiona Nera, Ciliegioulo Nero, Ciliegiulo, Ciliegiuolo, Ciligiolo Nero, Criminese, Mazzase, Riminese, Riminese, Riminese, Riminese, Riminese di Potercole, Riminese Noire, Sangiovese Polveroso and Sangiovese Polveroso Bonechi. The variety was first developed by the Italian agronomist Giovanni in the late 16th century Soderini (1526-1596) as Ciriegiuolo Dolce in the Tuscany mentioned. This (and previously unproven relationship with Spanish varieties) also contradicts the hypothesis that the variety originated from Santiago de Compostela pilgrims around 1870 Spain should have been introduced. According to another hypothesis, it should already be from the Etruscans out Wild vines have been selected.
Despite apparently suggesting synonyms or morphological No similarities with the varieties Aglianico. Aglianicone. Aleatico. Doux d'Henry. Mazzese or Sangiovese be confused. According to 2004 DNA analysis Sangiovese is said to be a cross of Ciliegiolo x Calabrese di Montenuovo originate (Sangiovese is descendant). However, DNA analyzes from 2013 contradict this, which for Ciliegiolo means a parenthood of Moscato Violetto ( Muscat Rouge de Madère ) x Sangiovese yielded (Sangiovese is parent).
The early to medium maturing vine is susceptible to Botrytis, as well as moderately susceptible to both mildews and bunch rot, The name (Ciliegia = cherry, Ciliegiolo = small cherry) is derived from the cherry-like taste and color. It produces full-bodied, spicy red wines with aromas of cherries and strawberries. Mostly it serves as a blend, but it also does unmixed expanded.
The variety is mainly in the Tuscany, but is also in the regions Abruzzo. aosta Valley. Apulia. Basilicata. Emilia-Romagna. Campania. Liguria. Molise. Sicily and Umbria widespread. It is in the DOCG red wines Chianti. Chianti Classico and Torgiano Rosso Riserva, as well as many DOC red wines like Amelia. Colli Maceratesi. Golfo del Tigullio-Portofino. Monte Carlo. Rosso Orvietano and Valdarno di Sopra authorized. The area under cultivation in 2010 was 1,830 hectares with a rapidly decreasing trend (in 2000 it was 2,527 hectares).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)