The red grape variety comes from France. There are well over a hundred Synonyms that testify the old age and the worldwide spread. The most important alphabetically grouped by country are Cinsault ( Algeria. Morocco. Tunisia ); Black Prince, Blue Imperial ( Australia ); Senso ( Bulgaria ); Boudalès, Bourdalès, Bourdelas, Cinqsaut, Cinq-saou, Cinsault, Cinsaut Couche, Grappu de la Dordogne, Marroquin, Madiran, Madiran du Portugal, Marrouquin, Milhau, Milhaud du Pradel, Mustard Noir, Oeillade Noire, Picardan Noir, Piquepoul d ' Uzès, Plant d'Arles, Plant de Broqui, Pousse de Chèvre, Prunelat, Prunellas, Salerne, Sinsâou, Tsintsào ( France ); Grecaù, Grecu Masculinu, Ottavianello, Ottaviano, Ottavianuccia, Ottavinello, Sinsón, Sinseur, Uva Spina ( Italy ); Black Malvoisie ( California ); Samsó, Sinsó ( Spain ); Hermitage ( South Africa ); Bourdales Kék, Malaga, Malaga Kék ( Hungary ).
It may, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological Similarities do not match the varieties bouchalès (Picardan Noir), Brun Argenté. Chichaud. mazuelo (Carignan) Oeillade Noire. Piquepoul Noir. Plant Droit or Prunelard be confused. According to done in 2009 DNA analysis exists one Parent-offspring relationship to the variety Aspiran Noir, as well as is on Sicily already mentioned in 1696 variety Grecaù, as well as in Apulia cultivated variety Ottavianello identical. Cinsaut was crossing partner of the new breeds Castel 19637. Cinsaut Bouschet and (under Hermitage) Pinotage, as well as some Seibel vines, A color mutation is the red-berry Cinsaut Gris ; mglw. they are too Cinsaut Blanc and Cinsaut Seedless,
The more exact origin is probably according to genetic facts south of France. It was first mentioned in 1600 under the name Marrouquin by the French agronomist OIivier de Serres (1539-1619) in his work "Botanicum Monspeliense". The medium-ripening, high-yielding vine is susceptible to woody diseases Esca and eutypa dieback, but resistant to dryness and drought, It provides fruity, soft and aromatic red wines with a surprising storage potential in youth, which are also ideally suited for the production of fresh rosé wines. She is also called table grape used.
In the 1950s and 1960s, wines made from Cinsault were made Algeria (then still part of France) buried in large quantities Burgundy wines. Today she is mainly in France Languedoc-Roussillon (especially Aude. Gard and Hérault ) and in the Provence ( var ). It is also part of the Châteauneuf-du-Pape, In 2010, the acreage in France totaled 20,800 hectares, with a steep decline. Other countries in Europe are Greece (43 ha), Italy (51 ha), Portugal (16 ha) and in the Turkey (500 ha). Overseas, these are the countries Algeria (7,550 ha), Argentina (1 ha), Australia. Chile (198 ha), China (3 ha), Lebanon. Morocco (3,940 ha), South Africa (2,052 ha) and Tunisia (842 ha), as well United States (45 ha) in California and Washington, The variety took in 2010 a total of 36,040 hectares of vineyards. That means almost half of 1990 levels. It occupies the worldwide varieties ranking the rank 25th
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)