The red grape variety comes from France. There are well over a hundred Synonyms that testify to old age and worldwide distribution. The main alphabetically grouped by country are Cinsault ( Algeria. Morocco. Tunisia ); Black Prince, Blue Imperial ( Australia ); Senso ( Bulgaria ); Boudalès, Bourdalès, Bourdelas, Cinqsaut, Cinq-saou, Cinsault, Cinsaut Couche, Grappu de la Dordogne, Marroquin, Madiran, Madiran du Portugal, Marrouquin, Milhau, Milhaud du Pradel, Moustardier Noir, Oeillade Noire, Picardan dir 'Piquepan Noir Uzes, Plant d'Arles, Plant de Broqui, Pousse de Chèvre, Prunelat, Prunellas, Salerne, Sinsâou, Tsintsào ( France ); Grecaù, Grecu Masculinu, Ottavianello, Ottaviano, Ottavianuccia, Ottavinello, Sinsón, Sinseur, Uva Spina ( Italy ); Black Malvoisie ( California ); Samsó, Sinsó ( Spain ); Hermitage ( South Africa ); Bourdales Kék, Malaga, Malaga Kék ( Hungary ).
Despite apparently suggesting synonyms or morphological No similarities with the varieties bouchalès (Picardan Noir), Brun Argenté. Chichaud. mazuelo (Carignan) Oeillade Noire. Piquepoul Noir. Plant droit or Prunelard be confused. According to in 2009 DNA analysis there is one Parent-offspring relationship to the variety Aspiran Noir, as well as is on Sicily variety already mentioned in 1696, as well as in Apulia Cultivated variety identical Ottavianello. Cinsaut was a crossing partner of the new varieties Castel 19637. Cinsaut Bouschet and (under Hermitage) Pinotage, as well as some Seibel vines, A color mutation is the red berry Cinsaut Gris ; mglw. are also Cinsaut Blanc and Cinsaut Seedless,
According to genetic facts, the more precise origin is probably southern France. It was first mentioned in 1600 under the name Marrouquin by the French agronomist OIivier de Serres (1539-1619) in his work "Botanicum Monspeliense". The medium-ripening, productive vine is prone to wood diseases Esca and eutypa dieback, but resistant to drought and drought, In its youth, it produces fruity, soft and aromatic red wines with surprising storage potential, which are also ideal for the production of fresh rosé wines. It is also called table grape used.
In the 1950s and 1960s, wines were made from Cinsaut Algeria (which at that time still belonged to France) buried in large quantities Burgundy wines. Today she is mainly in France Languedoc-Roussillon (especially Aude. Gard and Hérault ) and in the Provence ( var ) spread. It is also part of the Châteauneuf-du-Pape, In 2010, the total area under cultivation in France was 20,800 hectares, with the tendency falling sharply. Other countries in Europe are Greece (43 ha), Italy (51 ha), Portugal (16 ha) and in the Turkey (500 ha). Overseas countries Algeria (7,550 ha), Argentina (1 ha), Australia. Chile (198 ha), China (3 ha), Lebanon. Morocco (3,940 ha), South Africa (2,052 ha) and Tunisia (842 ha), as well United States (45 ha) in California and Washington, The variety occupied a total of 36,040 hectares of vineyards in 2010. Compared to 1990, that means almost a halving. It documents worldwide varieties ranking rank 25.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)