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Bernard de Clairvaux (1090-1153) The Catholic Monastic Order went as a reform movement from the Order of Benedictine and has its origin in the French Burgundy, It was founded in 1098 by Robert de Molesme (1029-1111) in the Cîteaux family monastery north of Beaune founded. As a significant distinction, the monks wear white instead of black Benedictine cowls. Saint Bernard de Clairvaux (1090-1153) founded the cloister Clairvaux in 1115 and issued a new order rule. Once a Cistercian monastery numbered 60 monks, twelve had to move out and found a new monastery.

This led to a tremendous expansion, because in 1153 there were already 400 abbeys and 100 years later 2,000 Cistercian monasteries and 1,400 nunneries throughout Europe.

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