From the mid-12th century Bordeaux Under English rule for 300 years, which only ended with the end of the Hundred Years War in 1453. During this time, wine from Bordeaux was plentiful England exported. The English market was particularly receptive to light, rose-colored wines. There was a short one maceration, then the wine was drawn off and processed. The light red color of the wines also came about because there were often mixed red and white varieties in the vineyards, which were harvested and processed together ( mixed sentence ). The term "Clairet" and the anglicised form "Claret" finally became synonymous with Bordeaux wine par excellence.
The great liking of the English for this wine illustrates the fact that King Edward II (1284-1327) celebrated 1,000 for his wedding celebrations in London tonneaux Claret ordered. That corresponded to a quantity of 1,152,000 routes today. This transaction was made by the famous Italian trading company that still exists today Frescobaldi financed. Exact records of export quantities have been preserved. In the mid-14th century, an estimated 700,000 hectoliters of Claret were shipped to England each year, which corresponded to an average of six bottles a year. That was the wedding in the so-called Bordeaux wine trade, Today there is a regional appellation called Bordeaux Bordeaux Clairet, This is compared to a "real" Rose usually a slightly darker wine.
Complete lists of the numerous vinification measures or cellar techniques, as well as the wine, sparkling wine and distillate types regulated by wine law are under the keyword winemaking contain. There is extensive wine law information under the keyword wine law,