From the middle of the 12th century was Bordeaux For 300 years under English rule, which ended only at the end of the Hundred Years War in 1453. During this time, a lot of wine came from Bordeaux England exported. The English market was particularly receptive to light, rosé-colored wines. These were short maceration, then the wine was withdrawn and processed. The bright red color of the wines was also due to the fact that in the vineyards often red and white varieties were mixed, which were harvested and processed together ( mixed sentence ). The term "Clairet" and the anglicised form "Claret" finally became synonymous with Bordeaux wine par excellence.
The great fondness of the Englishman for this wine illustrates the fact that King Edward II (1284-1327) for his wedding celebrations in London 1,000 tonneaux Claret ordered. That corresponded to a quantity of today's 1.152.000 Bouteillen. Incidentally, this transaction was made by the still-existing famous Italian trading house Frescobaldi financed. Exact records of export volumes have been preserved. In the middle of the 14th century, an estimated 700,000 hectoliters of Claret were shipped annually to England, which corresponded to an average of six bottles per capita per year. That was the wedding in the so-called Bordeaux wine trade, Today, Bordeaux has its own regional appellation called Bordeaux Clairet, This is opposite a "real" Rose usually a slightly darker wine.
Complete listings of the numerous vinification measures and cellar techniques, as well as the wine-regulated wine, sparkling wine and distillate types are under the keyword winemaking contain. Comprehensive information on wine law is available under the keyword wine law,