The white grape variety comes from France, The name means "bright white" or "glossy" and probably refers to the white hair on the underside of the leaf. Synonyms are Blanc Laffite, Blanquette, Clairet, Clairette Blanche, Clarette, Fehér Clairette, Kleret, Klaret Belyi, Muscade, Oeillade Blanche, Osianka, Osyanka, Petit Blanc, Petit Kleret, Pignola Bianca, Uva Gijona, Vivsianka, Vivsyanca and Vivsyanka. Despite apparently suggestive synonyms, it is not allowed to use the varieties Bourboulenc (Clairette à Grains Ronds), Picardan or Piquepoul Blanc be confused. According to DNA analysis there is a close relationship to the variety Plant droit, The Spanish variety Picapoll Blanco is possible. identical. There may also be a relationship with the Piedmontese variety Erbaluce, There is also a variant of Clairette Rose , which occupies 237 hectares in France. Confusingly, however, Clairette is also part of many other French grape varieties.
Clairette is one of the oldest French grape varieties, probably from the department Hérault in the Languedoc comes. The first reliable mention was made in 1575 as Clarette. In the 17th and 18th centuries it was part of the popular white wine "Picardin" (not to be confused with the Picardan grape variety). She also became fond of producing wormwood used. The late-ripening vine is susceptible to mites. grape and wrong mildew but resistant to Botrytis and powdery mildew. It is well suited for barren, dry floors. The vine produces white wines that are strong but low in acid. These serve primarily as a blending partner and for the production of sparkling wine.
The variety is approved in numerous appellations in southern France. It is the main component in Clairette de Bellegarde. Clairette de Die. Clairette du Languedoc and Crémant de Die, Other appellations are Bandol. Bellet. Cassis. Châteauneuf-du-Pape. Costieres de Nimes. Coteaux d'Aix-en-Provence. Cotes de Provence. Cotes du Rhone. Les Baux-de-Provence. Lirac. palette. Tavel. Vacqueyras and Ventoux, It is also used for country wines in the Languedoc used. However, the formerly great popularity of the variety has dropped sharply because the area has extremely reduced from 15,000 hectares in the late 1950s to 2,325 hectares in 2010.
In Italy is she in the Tuscany and up Sardinia represented and occupied 183 hectares there. Smaller stands also exist in Australia. Brazil (1 ha), Russia (22 ha) and South Africa (290 ha). In 2010, the variety occupied a total of 2,820 hectares of vineyards with a strongly decreasing tendency (ten years earlier, it was twice as much with 4,003 hectares). It lies in the worldwide varieties ranking at rank 150.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)