The white grape comes from France, The name means "bright white" or "glossy" and probably refers to the white hair on the underside of the leaf. Synonyms include Blanc Laffite, Blanquette, Clairet, Clairette Blanche, Clarette, Fehér Clairette, Kleret, Claret Belyi, Muscade, Oeillade Blanche, Osianka, Osyanka, Petit Blanc, Petit Kleret, Pignola Bianca, Uva Gijona, Vivsianka, Vivsyanca and Vivsyanka. It may not, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms with the varieties Bourboulenc (Clairette à Grains Ronds), Picardan or Piquepoul Blanc be confused. According to DNA analysis There is a close relationship to the variety Plant Droit, The Spanish variety Picapoll Blanco is mglw. identical. There may also be a relationship with the Piedmontese variety Erbaluce, There is also a variety Clairette Rose , which occupies 237 hectares in France. Confusingly, however, Clairette is also part of many other French grape varieties.
Clairette is one of the oldest French grape varieties, probably from the Département Hérault in the Languedoc comes. The first reliable mention was in 1575 as Clarette. In the 17th and 18th centuries, it was part of the popular white wine "Picardin" (not to be confused with the grape Picardan). She was also happy for the production of wormwood used. The late-ripening vine is prone to mites. grape and wrong mildew, but resistant to Botrytis and powdery mildew. It is well suited for barren, dry soils. The vine yields alcoholic, but rather low-acid white wines. These serve primarily as Verschnittpartner and for the sparkling wine production.
The variety is approved in southern France in numerous appellations. It is the main ingredient in Clairette de Bellegarde. Clairette de Die. Clairette du Languedoc and Crémant de Die, Other appellations are Bandol. Bellet. Cassis. Châteauneuf-du-Pape. Costières de Nîmes. Coteaux d'Aix-en-Provence. Côtes de Provence. Côtes du Rhône. Les Baux-de-Provence. Lirac. palette. Tavel. Vacqueyras and Ventoux, Furthermore, she is also used for country wines Languedoc used. However, the variety's formerly popularity has plummeted as the area has narrowed dramatically from 15,000 hectares at the end of the 1950s to 2,325 hectares in 2010.
In Italy is she in the Tuscany and up Sardinia It occupies and occupies 183 hectares. Smaller populations are also found in Australia. Brazil (1 ha), Russia (22 ha) and South Africa (290 ha). The variety occupied in 2010 a total of 2,820 hectares of vineyards with a strong declining trend (ten years earlier, it was twice as much with 4,003 hectares). It is thus worldwide varieties ranking on rank 150.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)