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In 1772 the banker and wool trader Philippe Clicquot-Muiron founded a wine trade under the name Clicquot. This was the origin of one of the first and most famous champagne houses. Son François Clicquot (+1805) married Nicole Barbe Ponsardin (1777-1866) in 1798, the wedding took place in a champagne cellar in style. Representatives were already added in 1802 Russia sent to boost exports. After the early death of her husband, the young widow took over the business and named him "Veuve Clicquot-Ponsardin" (Veuve = widow). The perfectionist woman also inspected her wine cellars at night to watch over the development. She is often seen as the first entrepreneur of modern times, her champagne was delivered to all European rulers and princely courts. Her cellar master Antoine de Müller succeeded around 1815 in the revolutionary invention of bottle shaking, the so-called remuage using vibrating consoles (Pupitres). According to legend, the madame sacrificed one of her pieces of furniture for the first device in this regard. Until 1821, Veuve Clicquot-Ponsardin was the only company to use this new process.

Nicole Barbe Ponsardin (1777-1866) around 1860 - all champagne formats

The Madame Clicquot-Ponsardin was also the inventor of the rose champagne, until then only whiter was produced. She also designed the yellow label for vintage champagne that is still used today. In 1814, Madame had the cellars walled up, fearing looting by the Cossacks and the Prussians, which occupied the city several times between March and May. On March 13,...

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