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Especially in the Burgundy common name (clos = closed, clôture = enclosure) for a vineyard or location. Usually this is an indication of a wall enclosure, though in some cases it no longer exists or was never present in some. Many such vineyards have been used by the Cistercians created in the Middle Ages with a wall as protection against animals and weather. The most famous example is the Grand Cru location Clos de Vougeot in the area Côte d'Or which was surrounded in 1330 by the monks with a high, kilometer-long, partly still existing wall.

Clos - Château du Clos de Vougeot in the middle of the Grand Cru location Clos de Vougeot

Clos will also be in the regions Champagne. Bordeaux. Alsace. Loire. Rhone and Southwest France, as well as in Switzerland ( Vaud and Wallis ) used. Often such vineyards are in France due to their special terroirs own origin-protected appellations. Numerous wineries propose Clos instead of Château or Domaine to their name. Friedfried vineyards are also available in Germany with, for example, the famous Steinberg in the Rheingau, as well as in Austria. Further names for qualitatively outstanding surfaces are Climat. Côte. Cru and Lieu-dit, A complete list of all vineyard relevant keywords is under vineyards contain.

Image: By Günther Eichler , Public domain, Link

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