Especially in Burgundy Common name (clos = closed, clôture = enclosure) for a vineyard or location. As a rule, this is an indication of an enclosure with a wall, although in some cases it no longer exists or in some cases never existed. Many such vineyards have been created by the Cistercians built in the Middle Ages with a wall as protection against animals and weather. The most famous example is the Grand Cru location Clos de Vougeot in the area Cote d'Or, which was surrounded by the monks in 1330 with a high, kilometer-long wall, some of which still exists today.
Clos is also in the regions Champagne. Bordeaux. Alsace. Loire. Rhone and Southwest France, as well as in Switzerland ( Vaud and Wallis ) used. Such vineyards are often in France because of their special terroirs own origin protected appellations. Numerous wineries put Clos before their name instead of Château or Domaine. There are also enclosed vineyards in Germany, for example the famous one Steinberg in the Rheingau and in Austria. Other names for high quality areas are Climat. Côte. Cru and Lieu-dit, A complete list of all vineyard-relevant keywords can be found at vineyards contain.