Only Grand Cru location or appellation in the community Vougeot in the Burgundian area Côte d'Or, The famous vineyard was built in the 14th century Cistercian monks created. In 1330 it was surrounded by a high, kilometer-long wall that still exists today. The monks used it as a "trial vineyard," changing at frequent intervals soil types very accommodating. They are even said to have "tasted the soil" to change the texture or the terroir to determine. They tested with professional methods which grape varieties are optimally suited for cultivation on which soils, as well as the best ones pruning and the fertilization, In the upper area, the permeable, lean soil is rich in limestone and gravel. Here stands the Château du Clos de Vougeot, where as part of the "Les Trois Glorieuses" (Three glorious days) the annual gathering of the wine brotherhood Confrérie des Chevaliers du Tastevin takes place. In the lower area along the road, the less appreciated alluvial soils of clay and clay predominate.
Clos de Vougeot is the largest Grand Cru location on the Côte d'Or with over 50 hectares. The vineyards are shared by 85 winegrowers, often with small proportions. The extremely long-lived red wine is mainly made Pinot Noir vinified. But also admitted Pinot Liébault and Pinot Beurot ( Pinot gris ), theoretically could also be up to 15% Chardonnay and Pinot Blanc be used. Due to the many producers with different winemaking methods, the quality of red wines varies, but many of them are characterized by an extract richness, which unfolds only after at least ten years. In addition to Clos du Vougeot, Clos-Vougeot or Clos Vougeot also appears on the bottle labels. Well-known producers are Arnoux, Bichot (Domaine du Clos Frantin), Confuron-Contetidot, Joseph Drouhin, Drouhin-Laroze, Angel, Faiveley, Grivot, Michel Gros, Jadot, Lamarche, Domaine Leroy, Méo-Camuzet, Georges Mugneret, Prieuré-Roch and Tardi.
Image: © Bénédecite MANIERE and Jean-Louis BERNUY