Alcoholic mixed drink, on whose name origin (German Rooster tail) there are a number of different versions. The best known is derived from cockfighting, which was popular in the southern United States in the mid-19th century. The inferior cock, the tail feathers were pulled out and handed over to the owner of the winner. The victory as well as the won trophy were then sealed with a drink "on the cock's tail". Later, the drink was called a short cocktail. A second version comes from the US Revolutionary War in 1777. The pubkeeper Betsy Flanagan in New England preferred to host soldiers of the rebels. One evening she mixed a drink of fruit juice and rum She decorated it with a feather. This had previously been the showpiece of a British rooster. A young French rebel officer honors the composition with the words: Vive le coq's tail! (Long live the rooster tail).
A third version is based on drinks that are not mixed, but consist of layered, different-colored liqueurs (Pousse cafes). This results in a picture similar to the cock's tail. A fourth version is based on the whiskey and absinthe mixed drink "Sazerac", which was served in New Orleans in "Coquetiers" (French for egg cups). Through a corruption, this has become "cocktail". A fifth version tells the story of a bar somewhere in the US, which included a hollow ceramic tap. At the end of the day, the bartender poured all the leftover drinks through an opening in the tap. The next day he sold the mixture at a special price by tapping it from the tail of the cock designed as a tap. As a result, more and more people ordered a soon to be named cocktail. And a sixth version states that the cocktail glass was originally garnished with a cock feather.
Significantly easier than the emergence of the name can be understood, for which reasons, especially in the US, these mixed drinks were popular. The burned in the 19th century spirits predominantly had a very simple (primitive) quality standard. Mostly it was high-percentage, hard and very tart tasting Kornschnäpse (whiskey). They were mostly drunk without maturing very young and tasted accordingly. Therefore, sweetness with honey or sugar, addition of aromatic ingredients and fruits was used to improve the taste. The immigrants from many European countries brought their alcoholic beverage recipes. The bars and inns experimented with various mixtures. Especially at the time of the American prohibition (1920-1933), the cocktails were immensely popular because the illegally produced spirits were of the cheapest quality and were only edible by the added ingredients. Over time, countless mixed drinks have emerged, especially in the United States. In Europe, they quickly became popular after the Second World War with hotel bars and American bars.
The usually ice-cold served cocktail consists of a spirit drink (Cynar, gin. rum. tequila. brandy. whiskey. vodka ) Wine ( champagne. sparkling wine. sherry. port wine. wormwood ), aromatic bitters or liqueurs (Angostura, Campari. Cassis, Fernet Branca, Pernod ), Fruit pieces and fruit juices, as well as ice cubes. The ingredients are mixed in a shaker or a mix glass (short mixing or stirring) strained by means of strainer (to retain fruit pieces and ice cubes) and garnished after pouring into the glass (lemons, olive, cherry). It is roughly divided into the main groups short drinks with small amount of liquid and high alcohol content, as well as long drinks with Mineral water, Juices and sodas of prolonged fluid volume. To the latter group counts for example the Cola pint from 50% each Coke and wine.
There are countless variants, which are grouped as follows: punch. Champagne cocktail, Cobbler (fruit, mineral water, wine or sparkling wine), Collins (lemon juice, soda), Cooler, Crusta (glass with sugar edge), Eggnogg (with milk, eggs), Fizz (with soda, mineral water), Flip (with yolk), Frappé (with ice cream), mulled wine. grog (Hot drink with rum), Highball (long drink with a lot of soda), Hot Drink (eg Irish Coffee), Pousse-Café (several layers on top of each other), Shooter (small mixed drink served in Stamperl), Sour (spirit and lemon juice) and Tropical drink. Among the best known cocktails are the Martini Cocktail not with the same name wormwood may be confused, as well as the Manhattan, Non-alcoholic mixed drinks are called "mocktail", whereby this results from "cocktail" and "to mock" (to imitate, pretend). Another distinction of certain cocktails takes place in appetizers (before the meal) and digestives (after the meal).
For cocktails there are a variety of glass forms. As a rule, the cocktail bowl is used, a long-stemmed domed bowl, which is the formerly common Champagne bowl (Sektschale) resembles. However, the shell has a smaller filling capacity for about 100 mg. A special form is the funnel-shaped Martini glass, also called "Martinischale", "Martinikelch" or "Cocktailspitz". In addition, there are different forms for the individual cocktail groups or alcohol used. For example Flûte (Champagne flute), hurricane glass, snifter. glass of punch, Sherry glass ( Catavino ) or wine glasses,