The white grape comes from France. The name derives from "Colombe" (dove) and refers to the gray color of the berries. Synonyms alphabetically grouped by country are Bardero, Blanc Emery, Bon Blanc, Chabrier Vert, Charbrier Vert, Colombar, Colombeau, Colombie, Colombier, Coulombier, Cubzadais, Donne Rousse, Donne Verte, Gros Blanc Doux, Gros Blanc Roux, Guenille, Martin Cot , Queue Tendre, Queue Verte, Tourterelle ( France ); French Colombard, West's White Prolific ( California ); Colombar ( South Africa ).
It was first mentioned at the beginning of the 18th century under the name Colombar. Despite apparently indicative synonyms or morphological It must not be similar to the varieties Sémillon (Colombier) or Colombaud be confused. According to 2013 DNA analysis it is probably a natural crossing Gouais Blanc (Heunisch) x Chenin Blanc, Other varieties with the same parents are Balzac Blanc and Meslier Saint-François, The variety was a cross partner of the new breed Colomino,
The medium maturing vine is susceptible to the real mildew. Botrytis and bunch rot, It produces alcohol-rich, acid-stressed wines with peach and citrus aromas. The variety is mainly in Southwest France in the departments Charente, Charente-Maritime, Lot-et-Garonne and Gironde (Bordeaux), as well as in Languedoc common. Along with Ugni Blanc and Folle Blanche It was previously used on a large scale for the production of cognac and Armagnac used. In France, it occupied a total of 8,173 hectares of vineyards in 2010.
In California It was grown in 2010 as French Colombard on around 10,000 hectares with a downward trend. Further US States are Alabama, Arizona. Texas and Virginia, In South Africa She occupied 11,990 hectares in 2010 as Colombar and is used here primarily for the production of brandy and mass wine used. In Australia 2,205 hectares were planted. There are also small stocks in Brazil (46 ha), Israel. Spain (4 ha), Thailand (11 ha) and Uruguay (4 ha). In 2010, the variety occupied a total of 32,459 hectares of vineyards with a downward trend (in 2000 there were 38,146 hectares). It documents worldwide varieties ranking rank 32.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)