The white grape variety comes from France. The name derives from "Colombe" (pigeon) and refers to the gray color of the berries. Synonyms grouped alphabetically by country are Bar Emery, Bon Blanc, Chabrier Vert, Charbrier Vert, Colombar, Colombeau, Colombie, Colombier, Coulombier, Cubzadais, Donne Rousse, Donne Verte, Gros Blanc Doux, Gros Blanc Roux, Guenille, Martin Cot , Queue Tendre, Queue Verte, Tourterelle ( France ); French Colombard, West's White Prolific ( California ); Colombar ( South Africa ).
A first mention was made at the beginning of the 18th century under the name Colombar. Despite seemingly indicative synonyms or morphological She may not share similarities with the varieties Sémillon (Colombier) or Colombaud be confused. According to 2013 were done DNA analysis it is a presumably natural crossing Gouais blanc (Heunisch) x Chenin Blanc, Other varieties with the same parents are Balzac Blanc and Meslier Saint-François, The variety was crossing partner of the new breed Colomino,
The medium-ripening vine is prone to true mildew. Botrytis and bunch rot, It produces alcohol-rich, acid-stressed wines with peach and citrus flavors. The variety is mainly in Southwest France in the départements Charente, Charente-Maritime, Lot-et-Garonne and Gironde (Bordeaux), as well as in the Languedoc common. Along with Ugni Blanc and Fool Blanche It used to be widely used for the production of cognac and Armagnac used. In France, she finished in 2010, a total of 8,173 hectares of vineyards.
In California it was grown in 2010 as French Colombard on about 10,000 acres with also declining trend. Further US States are Alabama, Arizona. Texas and Virginia, In South Africa In 2010, Colombar was 11,990 hectares and is used mainly for the production of brandy and mass wine used. In Australia This planted 2,205 hectares. There are also small stocks in Brazil (46 ha), Israel. Spain (4 ha), Thailand (11 ha) and Uruguay (4 ha). The variety occupied in 2010 a total of 32,459 hectares of vineyards with decreasing tendency (in 2000 it was 38,146 hectares). It occupies the worldwide varieties ranking the rank 32.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)