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22.635 Keywords • 48.660 Synonyms • 5.293 Translations • 7.914 Pronunciations • 149.002 Cross-references

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Colombia

Colombia (GB)
Colombia (ES)
Colombie (F)
Colombia (I)
Colômbia (PO)
Colombia (N)
That in the extreme northwest South America lying land has a young winemaking history, because the first vineyards were created only in the 1920s. Before, one imported mostly sweet, alcohol enriched wines and spirits, especially from Spain. In 1984, imports of non-Latin American wines were banned. It rules tropical Climate with long periods of drought between December and March, as well as June and September. A big threat to viticulture is the wrong one mildew given. The vineyards cover about 3,500 hectares, of which about half for the production of table grapes be used. Most of them are hybrids and American vines that are common varieties Isabella and Italia,

The main growing areas for table grapes are in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta and Ocana in the north, those for wine with about 2,000 hectares of vineyards in the upper Cauca Valley in the southeast of the country. The main European varieties are the white Chardonnay, Malvasia, Muller-Thurgau, Muscat Blanc, Pedro Ximénez, Riesling and Silvaner, as well as the red Barbera, Cabernet Sauvignon and Pinot Noir. From this, mainly fortified dessert wines and brandies are obtained. It was not until the beginning of the 1990s that the production of dry wines began. The main producers are Bodegas Andaluzas, Bodegas Sevillanas, Bodegas Venecianas, Cinzano, David & Eduardo Puyana, Divinos, Grajales, Inverca, Martini & Rossi, Rojas, Viña Ramariz and Vinicola Andiña.

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